Collaborative Livelihood Strategy: A Reflection of Social Network in Economic Activity (Case Study in Small Islands, Maluku Province, Indonesian) ( Vol-2,Issue-5,September - October 2017 )
Author: August E. Pattiselanno, Massie. T.F. Tuhumury, Noviar F. Wenno, Junianita F. Sopamena
Keyword: economic behavior, social relationship, small island.
Abstract: Research was aimed to analyze the existence of household livelihood strategy and to identify agreements constituting livelihood strategy adopted by households in small island community. Data were collected from questionnaire given to 200 respondents who lived in five small islands, such as Ambon Island, Saparua Island, Gorom Island, Selaru Island, and Kisar Island. Respondents were selected with simple random sampling. Depth interview was also conducted with key informant in each island to verify questionnaire data. Some findings were then obtained. It was found that 83.5% respondents have built social network based on kinship, while 38.5% created network based on friendship and 48% was based on neighborhood. Agreement in network may take few forms such as borrow-lend activity (63%), output marketing (59.5%), and using farming output as collateral (42%). Therefore, it was concluded that kinship is the most influential base underlying the economic activity of community in small islands.
 Shvedovsky, V., Standrik, A., Bilan, Y. (2016), Economic and Social Institutions: Modelling the Evolution Paths for the Archaic Society, Economics and Sociology, Vol. 9, No 2, pp. 137-147. DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2016/9-2/9
 Farmer, A., Kali, R. (2016), Collegiality in Organizations: An Economic Approach to Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Economics and Sociology, Vol. 9, No 2, pp. 220-231. DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2016/9-2/15
 Pattiselanno, A. E., E. Jambormias, L.O. Kakisina, S.F.W. Thenu, E. T. Watumlawar., 2017. Tanimbar Rounders Type (TaRT): A Farming Development Model of Small Island in West Southeast Maluku Regency. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 8, Issue 6, June – 2017, page 421 – 429. ISSN 2229-5518, http://www.ijser.org, DOI : 10.14299/ijser.2017.06.002
 Babbie, Earl., 2004. The practice of social research. Publisher : Belmont, CA : Thomson / Wadsworth.
 Debus, Mary and Novelli, Porter. 1996. Methodological Review: A Handbook for Excellence in Focus Group Research. Washington D.C: Academy for Educational Development.
 Denzin dan Lincoln, 1994. Handbook of Qualitative Research. Publisher: Thousand Oaks : Sage Publications.
 Wolf, Eric. ”Kinship, Friendship and Patron Client Relationship” dalam The Social Anthropology of Complex Societies. Michael Banton (ed.) London: Tovistock Pub, 1978.
 Mitchell, J. Clyde. “The Concept and Use of Social Network” dalam Social Networks in Urban Situation: Analysis of Personal Relationships in Central Africa Town (ed. Mitchell), pp. 1-50. Manchester: University of Manchester Press, 1969.
 Barnes, J. A. “Networks and Political Process” dalam Social Networks in Urban Situation: Analysis of Personal Relationships in Central Africa Town (ed. Mitchell), pp. 51-76. Manchester: University of Manchester Press, 1969.
 Rakauskiene, O. G., Strunz, H. (2016), Approach to Reduction of Socioeconomic Inequality: Decrease of Vulnerability and Strengthening Resilience, Economics and Sociology, Vol. 9, No 4, pp. 243-258. DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2016/9-4/15
 Scott, J. C. 1976. The Moral Economy of The Peasant: Rebellion and Subsistence in Southeast Asia. New Haven. Yale University.
 Popkin, Samuel.L. 1979. The Rational Peasant. Berkeley : University of California Press.
 Balcerzak, A. P., Pietrzak, M. B. 2016, Quality of Institutions for Knowledge-based Economy within New Institutional Economics Framework. Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis for European Countries in the Years 2000–2013, Economics and Sociology, Vol. 9, No 4, pp. 66-81. DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2016/9-4/4
 Kaasa, A. (2016), Social Capital, Institutional Quality and Productivity: Evidence from European Regions, Economics and Sociology, Vol. 9, No 4, pp. 11-26. DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2016/9-4/1
 Alguliyev, R., Jafarov, J., Mammadov, E., Ismayilova, N., Mammadova, R. 2015, Extraction of social networks in modern digital library environment, Economics and Sociology, Vol. 8, No 1, pp. 308-317. DOI: 10.14254/2071- 789X.2015/8-1/24
 Aliye Ahu AKGÜN, Tüzin Baycan, Peter Nijkamp., 2013. The Engine of Sustainable Rural Development : Embeddedness of Entrepreneurs in Rural Turkey. Journal of Science. Vol 26, No 1 (2013)
Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)
|Total View: 164||Downloads: 20||Page No: 2466-2472|