Determinants of Rice Production and Marketing in low Producer Farmers: the Case of Fogera Districts, North-Western Ethiopia ( Vol-2,Issue-5,September - October 2017 )
Author: Astewel Takele
Keyword: Rice, marketing, concentration ratio, S-C-P model, Ethiopia.
Abstract: Ethiopia is emerging as an important rice growing country in Eastern Africa. However, there are several constraints which drastically affect rice production and its marketing system under smallholder farmer’s condition. This study aimed at examining the socioeconomic determinants of rice production and marketing in low producer farmers in the study area. A sample of 160 rice producer and 50 traders were interviewed using structured questionnaire. The result of the study showed that sex of household head is positive and statically significant in explaining rice production at 5% significant level (p<0.05). Oxen ownership (p<0.07) and land size (P<0.067) were directly proportional to rice production and significant at 10% level of significance respectively. Moreover, labor availability and rice seed rate was highly significant at 1% level of significance (p<0.001). It is recommended that farmers should use intensive farming by increasing productivity of the land using improved varities, application of other alternative traction power(oxen) , adopting labor saving technology and management of seed rate (agronomic practices)during sowing . Moreover, there is a need to consider gender differentials in rice production system. The S-C-P- model reflects that the structure of rice marketing is imperfect market (oligopsonistic), only few buyers governed the market. The Gross marketing margin indicated that assemblers harvest the highest marketing margin as compare to other market participants and farmers received below the total average share of the margin. High investment capital, and competition with unlicensed traders were the barrier in rice marketing. Hence, facilitating loan (credit services), increasing the bargaining power farmers & licensing illegal traders were the recommendation forwarded.
Bain, J.S., 1959, 1968. Industrial organization 1st and 2nd Edition .New Yourk.Johnwiley.
Birhanu G. and Hoekstra .D.,2007. Cereal marketing and household market participation in Ethiopia: the case of teff, wheat and rice. Proceeding of the 2nd AAAE Conference. Accra, Ghana. Pp243-252.
Central Statistics Authority, (CSA) 2003. Statistical Report on Area and production of crops.part II-A. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Central statistical Agency (CSA), 2013. Agricultural sample survey 2012/ 2113, volume III. Report on area and production, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Dawit A., 2005. The status and challenges of agricultural marketing in Ethiopia PP.1, Paper presented at a panel discussion organized by the Ethiopian Association of Agricultural Professionals (EAAP), April 22, 2005.Ethiopian Agricultural Research organization (EARO).
Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), 2011. Empowering Farmers' Innovation, Series No.2: Challenges and Opportunities of Rice in Ethiopian. Agricultural Development, Adise Abeba, Ethiopia.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 2004. Charting Income Inequality -The Lorenz Curve.
FAOSTAT (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) , 2017. Accessed in www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC
Getachew A. 2000. Rice adaptation in Metema District North Gondar one of the Amhara Regional State”, Bureau of Agriculture, Bahir Dar.
Giroh, D.Y, Umar, H.Y & Yakub, W., 2010. African Journal of Agriculture Research. Structure, Conduct and Performance of Farm Gate Marketing of Natural Rubber in Edo and Delta States, Nigeria. l.5 (14), 1780-1783.
Gebremeskel D, T.S. Jayne, J.D. 1998. Shaffer working paper 8 grain market research project ministry of economic development and cooperation Addis Ababa January 1998.
Gebremeskel D., Jayne T.S., ShafferJ.D., 1998. Market structure, Conduct, and performance: Constraints on performance of Ethiopian grain markets. Working paper 8 Grain market research project Ministry of economic development and cooperation Addis Ababa January 1998
Hadush H., 2015. Production of Upland Rice and Constraints faced by the Farmers in Tselemti District, Northern Ethiopia. Journal of Poverty, Investment and Development Vol.19, 2015
Improving Productivity and Market Success of Ethiopia (IPMS), 2005. Fogera Wereda pilot learning Site Diagnosis and Program Design
Issahaku H., Paul K. N. Yazidu U. , 2012. Structure, Conduct and Performance of Tomato Marketing in Ghana. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development. Vol.3, No.10, 2012.
IFPRI, 2010. Pulses Value Chain in Ethiopia: constraints and opportunities for enhancing exports. Working Paper, July. IFPRI, Washington, DC.
Jeff E. Biddle , 2010 . The Introduction of the Cobb Douglas Regression and its Adoption by Agricultural Economists . Dept. Of Economics Michigan State University. October, 2010.
Kizito A., 2008. Famine early warning systems net work (FEWS NET) market Guidance”, No.2, Structure –Conduct–Performance and food security.
Karugia, J.T., 1990. Competition and efficiency in beef retailing in metropolitan area; the case study of thee city of Nairobi., Ph.D. Thesis, University of Nairobi.
Kohls, R.L., and J.N. Uhl, 1985. Marketing of Agricultural Product”, Fifth Edition., McMillian Publishing Company, New York, USA.
Kang H., Kennedy P.L, and Brian Hilbun B. ,2009. Structure and conduct of the world rice market. Southern Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, Atlanta, Georgia, January 31-February 3, 2009.
Ministry of Agricultural and Rural Development (MoARD), 2010. National Rice Research Development Strategy of Ethiopia”
Mason E.S., (1949), The current state of the monopoly problem in the United States, Havard Law Review, Vol. 62, pp.1265-85.
Nambiro, E., Groote H.D. .and Kosura. W. O., 2001. Market structure and conduct of the hybrid maize seed industry, a case study of the Trans Nzoia district in western Kenya, Seven Western and Southern Africa Regional Maize Conferences 11th-15th February, 2001. PP.474-479
Nsikan Edet Bassey, Otu William Ibok, Aniekan Jim Akpaeti. 2013. Asian Journal of Agricultural and Food Sciences. Vol.1 (3) .2013.
Paulos Desalnge, 2004. Growth, direction and structure of Ethiopian coffee exports, Alemaya University
Rice Market Structure, Conduct and Performance in Nigeria: A Survey of Akwa Ibom State Rice Marketers.
Scott, G.J., 1995. Prices, Products and People, Analyzing Agricultural Markets in Developing Countries. Lynne Reinner Publishers, Boulder, London. 498p.
Sreepada H. and Vijayalaxmi H., 2013. Assessment of Global Rice Production and Export Opportunity for Economic Development in Ethiopia. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), India. Volume 2 Issue 6, June 2013
Scarborough, Vanessa and Kydd. 1992. Economic Analysis of Agricultural Markets: A Manual Marketing Series 5, Chatham, UK: Natural Resource Institute. 172p.
Todaro, M. 1998. Economic Development. 6th edition New York.
Tomek, W.G. and Rrobison, K.L. 1990. Agriculture product prices.3rd Edition. Cornel University Press. Ithaca and London.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Structure,conduct and performance paradigm, October 2016.
Yemane A., 2014. Determinants of adoption of upland rice varieties in Fogera district, South Gondar, Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development. Vol.8(12), pp. 332-338 October, 2014.
Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)
|Total View: 46||Downloads: 14||Page No: 2534-2545|