Effect of Cow Manure Dosages as Organic Fertilizer on the Productivity of Organic Rice in West Sumatra, Indonesia

Effect of Cow Manure Dosages as Organic Fertilizer on the Productivity of Organic Rice in West Sumatra, Indonesia ( Vol-3,Issue-2,March - April 2018 )

Author: Atman, B. Bakrie, R. Indrasti

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/3.2.25

Keyword: Cow dung, Kuriak Kusuik rice, Organic fertilizer, Rice paddy, West Sumatra

Abstract: This research was conducted on rice paddy area at the Simarasok Village, West Sumatra Province, Indonesia, aimed at investigating the effect of dosage of cow dung as organic fertilizer on growth, yield component and production of organic rice. The experiment was arranged using a Complete Randomized Block Design with four treatments and six replications. The treatment was organic fertilizer of cow dung composted using local microbial organisms with four dosage levels, namely: a) 2 tons/ha; b) 4 tons/ha; c) 6 tons/ha; and d) 8 tons/ha. The rice variety used was the Kuriak Kusuik and the observed variables included: leaf color score, plant height, maximum number of tillers, number of productive tillers, panicle length, number of grains per panicle, percentage of empty grain, weight of 1000 grains, and grain yield. The result showed that the dosage of organic fertilizer of cow dung had significant effect on leaf color score at 56 days after planting (DAP), number of productive tillers, number of grains per panicle, and grain yield. In contrast, plant height, maximum number of tillers, panicle length, weight of 1,000 grains, and empty grain were not significantly affected. It was found that there was a positive relationship between the dosages of organic fertilizer of cow dung with the grain yield. The addition of cow dung as the organic fertilizer as much as 1 ton/ha to the soil could cause an increase in the yield of grain by 0.097 ton/ha.

References:

[1] Adiningsih, J. S., Setyorini, D. and Prihatini, T. (1995). Integrated nutrient management to achieve stabile food production and environmentally friendly. Proceedings of Technical Meeting on Soil and Agro-climate Research. Bogor (In Indonesian). Pp: 55-59.
[2] AIAT West Sumatra. (2012). The use of Rice Soil Test Kit (RSTK) and Leaf Color Chart (LCC) for specific location rice fertilization. Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology of West Sumatra Province (In Indonesian).
[3] ANSI. (2002). Indonesian National Standard for Organic Food Systems. Agency for National Standard of Indonesia. Jakarta (In Indonesian).
[4] Atman and Nurnayetti. (2014). Existence of organic farming in rice agribusiness development in West Sumatra. In Daniel et al. (Eds). Agribusiness Development: Technology Innovations and System Reparation for Agribusiness Development. Kristal Multimedia Publication (In Indonesian). Pp: 162-175.
[5] Barus, J. (2012). The effect of manure application and planting system on the production of upland rice varieties on the dried acid land in Lampung. Journal of Suboptimal Land. 1(1): 102-106. (in Indonesian).
[6] CHO West Sumatra. (2010). Organic Agriculture. Crops and Horticulture Office of West Sumatra. Padang (in Indonesian).
[7] Daniel, M., Nieldalina and Hardiyanto. (2014). Assessment on existence of organic rice farming in West Sumatra. Proceedings of the National Organic Agriculture. Held in Bogor, on 18-19 June 2014. Pp.: 35-41.
[8] Dobermann, A. and Fairhurst, T. (2000). Rice: Nutrient Disorders & Nutrient Management. Potash & Phosphate Institute (PPI), Potash & Phosphate Intitute of Canada (PPIC), and International Rice Research Institute (IRRI).
[9] Gani, A., Kadir, T.S., Jatiharti, A., Wardana, I.P. and Las, I. (2002). The System of Rice Intensification in Indonesia. In N. Uphoff et al. (Eds.). Assessment of the System of Rice Intensification. Procedings of International Conference of Cornell Instuitute. Institute For Food, Ithaca, New York. Pp.58-63.
[10] Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. John Wiley and Sons. New York.
[11] Hasan, N., Ismon, L., Hardiyanto, Abdullah, S. and Roswita, R. (2015). Fertilizer Recommendation for Specific Location in West Sumatra to Support the Acceleration of Rice Self-Sufficiency. ISBN: 978-602-8843-25-6. Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology of West Sumatra Province. Solok (in Indonesian).
[12] IAARD. (2005). Agricultural Research News. Vol. 27, No. 3. Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development. Jakarta (In Indonesian).
[13] ISB. (2015). Provincial rice production. Indonesian Statistical Board. Accessed from http://bps.go.id. on 13 November 2015.
[14] ISRI. (2004). Land management for organic vegetable cultivation in supporting the go-organic program of the year 2010. Indonesian Soil Research Institute. Bogor (In Indonesian).
[15] Jamil, A., Widowati, L.R. and Hartatik, W. (2014). Soil fertility management and fertilizer innovation to support the organic farming agriculture. Proceedings of the National Organic Agriculture. Held in Bogor, on 18-19 June 2014. Pp.: 1-14.
[16] Kartaatmadja, S., Makarim, A.K. and Fagi, A.M. (2000). Integrated Crop Management and Approach for Sustainable Rice Production. Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development. Jakarta (in Indonesian) (unpublished).
[17] Kasno, A. and Hidayat, E. (2006). Phosphate and potassium fertilization of paddy rice: West Java and Banten Provinces. 1st Edition. Indonesian Center for Agricultural Land Resources Research and Development. Bogor (In Indonesian).
[18] Kasno and Rostaman, T. (2017). Response of Rice Crop to Nitrogen Fertilization on the Rainfed Lowland Area. Journal of Agricultural Food Crops Research. 1(3):201-210 (in Indonesian).
[19] Materechera, S. A. and Mehuys, G.R. (1991). Organic manure addition and the leaf water potential and yield of Barley. Plant and Soil Journal. 138: 239-246.
[20] Nurnayetti dan Atman. (2013). The competitive outstanding of local variety paddy rice in West Sumatra. Journal of Agricultural Technology Assessment and Development. 16(2): 100-108 (in Indonesian).
[21] Pratiwi, G. R. and Sumarno. (2014). Effect of manure and compliance varieties - planting season on the yield of paddy rice). Journal of Agricultural Food Crops Research. 33(3):177-187. (in Indonesian).
[22] Steel, R.G.D. and Torri, J.H. (1960). Principles and Procedures of Statistics with Special Reference to the Biological Sciences. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc.
[23] Suhardi, Herniwati, and Djufry, F. (2014). Crops productivity and financial feasibility of rice on the newly opened paddy field with various type of fertilizers in South Celebes. Journal of Agricultural Technology Assessment and Development. 17(3):187-196. (in Indonesian).
[24] Sujitno, E., Kurnia and Fahmi, T. (2014). The use of various type of organic fertilizers on rice plants in an irrigated paddy field. Proceedings of the National Seminar on Organic Agriculture. Held in Bogor on 18-19 June 2014: 211-216. (in Indonesian).
[25] Sumarno and Kartasasmita, U.G. (2012). The readiness of farmers using organic fertilizer for rice paddy. Journal of Agricultural Food Crops Research. 31(3):137-144. (in Indonesian).
[26] Syam, M. (2006). Controversion on System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in Indonesia. Journal of Crops Science and Technology. 1(1):31-40. (in Indonesian).
[27] Tufaila, M., Yusrina and Alam, S. (2014). The effect of cow dung Bokashi on the growth and production of paddy rice in Ultisol soil of Puosu Jaya, Konda District, South Konawe. Journal of Agrotechnos. 4(1):18-25. (in Indonesian).
[28] Uphoff, N. and Satyanarayana, A. (2006). Prospect for rice sector improvement using System of Rice Intensification with evidence from India. In: Sumarno, et al. (Eds.). Rice Industry, Culture, and Environment. Book 1. Indonesian Center for Rice Research, ICFORD, IAARD, Bogor dan Jakarta. Pp.:131-142.
[29] Winardi. (2014). Innovations on paddy rice cultivation technology including the past and ongoing development in West Sumatra in order to improved rice production. Agritech. 16(1):25-37. (in Indonesian).
[30] Yoshida, S. (1981). Fundamental of rice crop science. IRRI Manila, Philippines; 111-176.
[31] Zen, S. (2013). The performance of promissing lines of low land rice variety at Solok District, West Sumatra. Journal of Applied Crops Research. 13(1):38-44 (in Indonesian).
[32] Zen, S., Syarif, A.A. and Yufdy, P. (2011). Outstanding rice varieties with high amylose content of West Sumatra. ISBN: 978-602-8843-07-2. Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology of West Sumatra Province. Solok (in Indonesian).

Total View: 252 Downloads: 19 Page No: 506-511


Cite this Article:

MLA

Atman, B. Bakrie, R. Indrasti et al."Effect of Cow Manure Dosages as Organic Fertilizer on the Productivity of Organic Rice in West Sumatra, Indonesia". International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878),vol 3, no. 2, 2018, pp.506-511 AI Publications doi:10.22161/ijeab/3.2.25

APA

Atman, B. Bakrie, R. Indrasti, P.(2018).Effect of Cow Manure Dosages as Organic Fertilizer on the Productivity of Organic Rice in West Sumatra, Indonesia. International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).3(2), 506-511.10.22161/ijeab/3.2.25

Chicago

Atman, B. Bakrie, R. Indrasti, P.(2018).Effect of Cow Manure Dosages as Organic Fertilizer on the Productivity of Organic Rice in West Sumatra, Indonesia. International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).3(2), pp.506-511.

Harvard

Atman, B. Bakrie, R. Indrasti. 2018."Effect of Cow Manure Dosages as Organic Fertilizer on the Productivity of Organic Rice in West Sumatra, Indonesia". International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).3(2):506-511.Doi:10.22161/ijeab/3.2.25

IEEE

Atman, B. Bakrie, R. Indrasti."Effect of Cow Manure Dosages as Organic Fertilizer on the Productivity of Organic Rice in West Sumatra, Indonesia", International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology,vol.3,no. 2, pp.506-511,2018.

Bibtex

@article { atman2018effect,
title={Effect of Cow Manure Dosages as Organic Fertilizer on the Productivity of Organic Rice in West Sumatra, Indonesia},
author={Atman, B. Bakrie, R. Indrasti , R},
journal={International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology},
volume={3},
year= {2018} ,
}