Extending Shelf Life of Guava Fruits by Mint oil and UVC Treatments

Extending Shelf Life of Guava Fruits by Mint oil and UVC Treatments ( Vol-2,Issue-5,September - October 2017 )

Author: Esameldin Bashir Mohamed Kabbashi, Islam Kamal Saeed, Mawahib Yagoub Adam

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/2.5.62

Keyword: Guava, fruit flies, mint oil, UVC & quality.

Abstract: A lot of quarantine methods have been developed to replace fumigants in the control of arthropods and microorganisms in post–harvest management of fruits and vegetables. That is, guava fruit is infested in Sudan by a number of hexapods which include Ceratitis capitata Weid., Ceratitis quinaria (Bez.), Certatitis cosyra WLK., Bactrocera invadens Drew, Trusta & White and Bactrocera zonata (Saunders).This study aims at using some uncommonly used treatments in improving the storability of guava fruits in Sudan. That is, UVC (ultraviolet rays type C) and coating with mint oil were used to disinfest guava from fruit flies at ambient temperature. The results, after 9 days bench storage, showed an infestation percentage of 20, 33 and 38% for mint, UVC and the control, respectively. The corresponding data for the range of infestation were 18, 20 and 48 and for the mean number of insects in infested fruits were 8.3, 8.8 and 15.2. The quality indexes studied reflected 9.5, 20.5 and 22.6% weight loss, for the mint oil, UVC and the control lots, respectively. The corresponding data for marketable retention (%) were 100, 10 and 13; the fruit firmness, 1.6, 0.3, and 0.1; acidity (%), 0.2 for all; ascorbic acid (mg/ 100 g pulp), 196, 190, and 194; reducing sugar (g/ 100g), 8.2, 7.6, and 7.6; sensory quality includes appearance (%), 84, 42, and 30; taste (%), 79, 41, and 34; flavor (%), 88, 42, and 40, respectively. These results revealed the edge of mint oil coating over UVC and the untreated lots.

References:

[1] Abu– Goukh, A. A. and Abu – Sarra, A.F.(1993).Compositional change during mango fruit ripening University of Khartoum Journal of Agricultural Sciences,1(1),33-51.
[2] Ahmed, O.K. and Tingwa, P.O. (1995).Effect of gibberellic acid on severalparameters of ripening of banana fruit. University of Khartoum Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 3(1): 47 – 59.
[3] Ali, D. O. M., Ahmed, A. R. and Babiker, E. B. (2014). Suitability of Local Sudanese Guava (Psidiumguajava L.) Cultivars for concentrates production. Journal of Agri-Food and Applied Sciences, 2(8): 225 – 229.
[4] Al – Jabr, A. M. (2006). Toxicity and Repellency of Seven Plant Essential Oils to Oryzaephilussurinamensis (Coleoptera: Silvanidae) and Triboliumcastaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrioidae). Scientific Journal of King Faisal University (Basic and Applied Sciences), 7 (1): 49 – 60.
[5] Al-Sarar, A. S., Husseini, H. I., Abobakr, Y., Bayoumi, A. E. and Al-Otaibi, M. T. (2014). Fumigant toxicity and antiacetyl cholinesterase activity of Saudi Menthalongifolia and Lavanduladentata species against Callosobruchusmaculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Türk. entomol. derg., 2014, 38 (1): 11 – 18.
[6] AOAC (2002). Official methods of analysis. 16th edn, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC.
[7] Baghel, B. S., Gupta, N., Khare, A. and Tiwari, R. (2005). Effect of different doses of gamma – radiation on shelf – life of guava. Indian J Hort, 62:129–132.
[8] Baka, M., Mercier, J., Corcuff, R., Castaigne, F., & Arul, J. (1999). Photochemical treatment to improve storability of fresh strawberries. Journal of Food Science, 64, 1068–1072.
[9] Bashir, H. A. and Abu – Goukh, A.A. (2003). Compositional changes during guava fruit ripening. Food Chemistry, 80(4), 557 –563.
[10] Bateman, M. A. (1982). Chemical methods for suppression or eradication of fruit fly populations.In: Drew, R. A. I.; G. H. S. Hooper, and M. A. Bateman, Economic fruitflies of the South Pacific Region, 2nd edition, 115–128. Queensland Department of Primary Industries, Brisbane, Australia.
[11] Bedri, M. F. (1978). Evaluation of guava cultivars for processing as slices and fractionation and characterization of guava pectic substances. M. Sc. Thesis, U. of K., Khartoum, Sudan.
[12] Bisen, A. and Pandey, S. K. (2008). Effect of postharvest treatment onbiochemical composition and organoleptic quality in kagzi lime fruits during storage. J Hort Sci 3:53–56.
[13] Bintsis, T., Litopoulou-Tzanetaki, E., & Robinson, R. K. (2000). Existing and potential applications of ultraviolet light in the food industry—A critical review. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 80, 637–645.
[14] Bosly, A. H. (2013). Evaluation of insecticidal activities of Menthapiperitaand Lavandulaangustifolia essential oils against house fly, Muscadomestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae). 5 (4): 50 – 54.
[15] Bushara, A. M. M., Mustafa, A. A., Abdelhakam, K. E.K., Elfaki, H. A. and Eibaid A. I. A. (2016). Effect of adding guava fruit powder on the chemical and mineral composition of wheat flour. Journal of Academia and Industrial Research (JAIR), 4, 9: 203 – 205.
[16] Chahal, S. and Bal, J. S. (2003). Effect of post-harvest treatments and packaging on shelf –life of Umran ber at cool temperature. J Res Punjab Agric Univ, 40:363–99.
[17] Chandra, R. (1995). Biochemical changes during maturity and storage inguava fruits. Indian Hill Farming, 8:16–21.
[18] Das, R. M. and Medhi, G. (1996). Physico –chemical changes of pineapple fruits under certain postharvest treatment. South Indian Hort, 44:5–7
[19] Dashora, L. K., Meena, M. C.and Mohammed, S. (1999). Effect of edible oil emulsion on post – harvest shelf –life of ber (Ziziphus mauritiana,Lamk) cv. Umran. Adv Hort Forestry, 17:220–225.
[20] De Abreu, J. R., Dos Santos, C. D., De Abreu, C. M. P. and De Castro, E. M. (2012). Histochemistry and morphoanatomy study on guava fruit during ripening. Food science and technology (Campinas), 23 (1): 179 – 186.
[21] Desai, B. B. and Deshpande, P. B. (1978). Chemical control of ripening in banana. Physiol. Plant, 44(3): 38 – 40.
[22] Dhaka, R. S., Verma, M. K. and Agarwal, M. K. (2001). Effect of post-harvesttreatment on physico –chemical characters during storage of mango cv. Totapari. Haryana J Hort Sci 30:36–38.
[23] Dhemre, J. K. and Waskar, D. P. (2003). Effect of postharvest treatments on shelf – life and quality of mango in evaporative cool chamber and ambient conditions. J Food Sci Technol, 40:316–318.
[24] Faruki, S. I., Das, D. R., Khan, A. R. and Khatum, M. (2007). Effects of Ultraviolet (254nm) Irradiation on Egg Hatching and Adult Emergence of the Flour Beetles, Tribolium castaneum, T. confusum and the Almond Moth, Cadra cautella. Journal of Insect Science 7(36): 1-6. 2007
[25] Gomez, K. A. and Gomez, A. A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. pp. 75 – 165. 2ndedition. John Wiley and Inc. New York, USA.
[26] González-Aguilar, G. A., Zavaleta-Gatica, R., & Tiznado-Hernández, M.E. (2007).
[27] Improving postharvest quality of mango Haden by UVC treatment. Postharvest Biologyand Technology, 45, 108–116.
[28] Hori, M., Shibuya, K., Sato, M. and Saito, Y. (2014). Lethal effects of short-wavelength visible light on insects. Scientific reports, 4: 7383.
[29] Hulme, A.C.(1970). The biochemistry of fruits and their products. Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies, 9: 348–354.
[30] Jagadeesh SL, Rokhade TS, Lingaraj U (2001). Infl uence of postharvesttreatments on storage behaviour of guava fruits cv.Sardar. J Maharashtra Agric Univ, 26:297–300.
[31] Kabbashi, E. B. M., Nasr, O. E., Musa, S. K.and Roshdi, M. A. (2012). Use of gamma irradiation for disinfestation of guava fruits from fruit flies [Ceratitis spp. &Bactrocera sp. (Diptera: Tephritidae)]in Khartoum State, Sudan. Agricultural Science Research Journal, 2(4): 177 – 182.
[32] Kabbshi, E. B. M. (2014). Fruit insect pests of guava (Psidiumguajava L.) and their management in Sudan: A Historic review, US Open Food Science & Technology Journal, 1 (3):1 – 11.
[33] Karamaouna, F., Kimbaris, A., Michaelakis, A., Parachristos, D., Polissiou, M., Papatsakona, P. and Tsora, E. (2013). Insecticidal activity of plant essential oils against the vine mealybug [Planococcusficus (Signoret)]. J insect sci., 13: 142.
[34] Keyser, M., Műller, I. A., Cilliers, F. P., Nel,W., & Gouws, P. A. (2008).Ultraviolet radiation as a non-thermal treatment for the inactivation of microorganisms in fruit juice. Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies, 9, 348–354.
[35] Koutchma, T., Keller, S., Chirtel, S., & Parisi, B. (2004). Ultravioletdis infection of juice products in laminar and turbulent flow reactors. Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies, 5, 179–189.
[36] Kumar, P., Mishra, S., Malik, A. and Satya, S. (2010). Insecticidal properties of Mentha species: A review. Industrial Crops and Products.34:802–817.
[37] Kumar, P., Mishra S, Malik A, Satya S. (2011). Repellent, larvicidal and pupicidal properties of essential oils and their formulations against the housefly, Muscadomestica L.Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 25: 302 – 310.
[38] Kumar, A. (2012). Importance for life (Psidium guava). International Journal of research in pharmaceutical and biomedical sciences, 3(1): 137 – 143.
[39] Lin, D. and Zhao, Y. (2007). Innovations in the development and application of edible coatings for fresh and minimally processed fruits and vegetables. Comprehensive reviews in food science and food safety, 6(3): 60 – 75.
[40] López-Rubira, V., Conesa, A., Allende, A., & Artés, F. (2005). Shelf lifeand overall quality of minimally processed pomegranate arils modified atmosphere packaged and treated with UV-C. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 37, 174–185.
[41] Mahajan, B. V., Dhatt, A. S. and Sandhu, K. S. (2005). Effect of different postharvest treatment on the storage life of kinnow. Haryana J Hort, 20:156–160.
[42] Mahmoud A.; Khidir, M. O; Khalifa, M. A.; El Ahmadi, A. B.; Musnad, H. A. and Mohamed, E. I. (1996). "Sudan: Country report to the FAO international technical conference on plant genetic resources". A Paper presented at the FAO international technical conference on plant genetic resources Leipzig, Germany, June 17 – 23.
[43] Mahmoud, H. H. and Peter, T. S. (2014). Physical screening in fruits of guava (Psidiumguajava L.) genotypes. Journal of emerging trends in engineering and applied sciences, 5(2): 135 – 144.
[44] Michaelakis A, Papachristos D, Kimbaris D, Polissiou M. (2012). Larvicidal evaluation of three Mentha species essential oils and their isolated major components against the West Nile virus mosquito. Hellenic Plant Protection Journal, 4:35–48.
[45] Mkaddem, M., Bouajila, J., Ennajar, M., Lebrihi, A., Mathieu, F. and Romdhane, M. (2009). Chemical composition and antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Mentha (lonifolia L. and viridis L.) essential oils. J. food Sci, 74: 358 – 363.
[46] Nwaichi, E. O., Chuku, L. C. and Oyibo, N. J. (2015). Profile of Ascorbic Acid, Beta-Carotene and Lycopene in Guava, Tomatoes, Honey and Red Wine. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci, 4(2): 39 – 43.
[47] Pathak, R. K. Singh, G. Kishun, R. and Chandra, R. (2007). Improvement of guava (Psidiumguajava L.),throughbreeding, 85(1): 7567 – 7572.
[48] Rajendran S, Sriranjini V. (2008). Plant products as fumigants for stored-product insect control. Journal of Stored Product Research. 44:126–135.
[49] Rastegar, F., Moharramipour, S., Shojai, M. and Abbasipou, H. (2009). Toxicity of the essential oil of Salviaofficinalis L. on Triboliumcastaneum (Herbst). Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 27: 123 – 124.
[50] Renkema, J. M., Wright, D., Buiterhuis, R. and Hallett, R. H. (2016). Plant essential oils and potassium metabisulfite as repellents for Drosophila suzukii (Dipter: Drosophilidae). Sci Rep., 6: 21432.
[51] Roessler, Y. (1989). Insecticidal bait and cover sprays. In: Robinson, A. S. and Hooper, G. (eds), Fruit flies, their biology, natural enemies and control, vol. 3B. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, Pp. 329 – 335.
[52] Singh, U. B. and Shaffat, M. (1997). Comparative efficacy of waxemulsion and rice starch on postharvest shelf –life of fully ripe guava fruits. J Food Sci Technol 34:519–522.
[53] Stark, W. S., Walker, K. D. and Eidel, J. M. (1985). Ultraviolet and blue light induced damage to the Drosophila retina: Microspectrophotometry and electrophysiology. Current Eye Research, 4(10): 1059 – 75.
[54] Stevens, C., Khan, V. A., Wilson, C. L., Lu, J. Y., Chalutz, E., & Droby, S. (2004). The effect of fruit orientation of postharvest commodities following low dose UVC treatment on host induced resistance to decay. Crop Protection, 24, 756 – 759.
[55] Thomas S.A., Molina E.-B., Stolik S., Sanchez F. (2005). Composite oil coating preserves the quality of pineapple fruits. J Physiq IV France,125:889–892.
[56] Viera, S. M., Gomez, P., Benedetti, B. C. and Artès, F. (2009). UVC radiation effect on the mortality of fruit fly eggs. CIGR Proceedings, Technology and management to increase the efficiency in sustainable agricultural systems, Rosario, Argentina, 2009.
[57] Waziri, M. andSalih, I. A.(2015). Proximate Analysis and Phytochemical Screening of Psidiumguajava (Guava) and Cucumissativus (Cucumber) Grown in Gashua Fadama Area of Yobe State, Nigeria. International Research Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 6 (2): 77 – 83.
[58] Wills, R. H.H., Lee, T.H., Graham, D., McGlsson, W.B. & Hall F.G.(1981). Postharvest: an introduction to the physiology and handling of fruits and vegetables. Westport, Connecticut: AVE publ.Co.
[59] Wood, M. (2000). “For males only. Temperature – sensitive Medflies.” Agricultural Research Magazine. United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C.
[60] EI-Monem, E. A., Mostafa, A., EI-Mageed, M. A. A. (2003). Effect of some postharvest treatments on the storage quality of Annona and on its volatile components. Annols Agri Sci Cario;48(2):757–775.

Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)

Total View: 29 Downloads: 3 Page No: 2761-2769