Forest Conservation Knowledge-Community Perception Within Protected Areas: The Case of Karagöl-Sahara National Park ( Vol-2,Issue-6,November - December 2017 )
Author: Sevim Inanç
Keyword: Karagöl-Sahara National Park, forest, IUCN, community conservation.
Abstract: Commitment of local communities to protected areas is essential for conserving forest and biodiversity. However, in many developing countries like Turkey, former management strategies kept human from protected areas using coercion. Fortunately, more recent regimes attempt to give local populations more control on the management but little is known about local residents' perceptions, beliefs and attitudes toward the management of these areas. This study, carried out around the Karagöl Sahara National Park, determined factors which support local communities' positive perceptions towards forest conservation in the park, analysed their assessment of current park management activities compared to former management approaches and draw the implications for effective participatory management of protected areas. We collected socio-demographic data from 100 residents on their awareness of conservation methods. The findings indicated that the positive behavior of local communities towards conservation of forest within Karagöl Sahara National Park was highly correlated with the current management strategy that involved more effectively local communities, the educational level of participants. Participants' perceptions of forest conservation were strongly related to locally perceived benefits. Although 91 % of participants were favorable to the concept of forest and biodiversity conservation within the park. Our results suggested that understanding local residents' perceptions and using them as a starting point to improve the park–people relationship could help park management staff to involve more effectively local communities and improve their awareness about biodiversity conservation within the park.
 Allendorf, T., Swe, K.K., Oo, T., Htut, Y., Aung, M., Aung, M., Allendorf, K., Hayek, L.A., Leimgruber, P., Wemmer, C., 2006. Community attitudes toward three protected areas in Upper Myanmar (Burma). Environmental Conservation 33 (4), 344–352.
 Ajzen, I., Fishbein, M., 1980. Understanding Attitudes and Predicting Social Behaviour. Prentice-Hall, New Jersey
 Baral, N., Heinen, J.T., 2007. Resources use, conservation attitudes, management intervention and park–people relations in the Western Terai landscape of Nepal. Environmental Conservation 34 (1), 64–72.
 Charnley, S., Fischer, A.P., Jones, E.T., 2007. Integrating traditional and local ecological knowledge into forest biodiversity conservation in the Pacific Northwest. Forest Ecology and Management 246, 14–28.
 Dudley, N., 2008. Guidelines for Applying Protected Area Management Categories.IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. 86 pp.
 Gillingham, S., Lee, P.C., 1999. The impact of wildlife-related benefits on the conservation attitudes of local people around the Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania. Environmental Conservation 26, 218–228.
 Hackel, J.D., 1999. Community conservation and the future of Africa's wildlife. Conservation Biology 13, 726–734.
 Hamilton, A., Cunningham, A., Byarugaba, D., Kayanja, F., 2000. Conservation in a region of political instability: Bwindi impenetrable forest, Uganda. Conservation Biology 14, 1722–1725.
 Infield, M., Namara, A., 2001. Community attitudes and behaviour towards conservation: an assessment of a community conservation programme around LakeMburo National Park, Uganda. Oryx 35 (1), 48–60.
 Mehta, J.N., Heinen, J.T., 2001. Does community-based conservation shape favorable attitudes among locals? An empirical study fromNepal. EnvironmentalManagement 28, 165–177.
 Ormsby, A., Kaplin, B.A., 2005. A framework for understanding community resident perceptions of Masoala National Park, Madagascar. Environmental Conservation 32 (2), 156–164
 Pyrovetsi, M., Daoutopoulos, G., 1997. Contrasts in conservation attitudes and agricultural practices between farmers operating in wetlands and a plain in Macedonia, Greece. Environmental Conservation 24 (1), 76–82.
 Songorwa, A.N., 1999. Community-based wildlife management (CWM) in Tanzania: are the communities interested? WORLD 27 (12), 2061–2079.
 Trakolis, D., 2001. Local people's perceptions of planning and management issues in Prespes Lake National Park, Greece. Journal of Environmental Management 61, 224–227.
 Vodouhê, G.F., Coulibaly,O., Greene, C., Sinsin, B., 2009. Estimating local values of non-timber forest products to Pendjari Biosphere Reserve Dwellers in Benin. Economic Botany 63 (4), 397–412.
 Walpole, M.J., Goodwin, H.J., 2001. Local attitudes towards conservation and tourismaround Komodo National Park, Indonesia. Environmental Conservation 28 (2),160–166.
 Yeo-Chang, Y., 2009. Use of forest resources, traditional forest-related knowledge andlivelihood of forest dependent communities: cases in South Korea. Forest Ecologyand Management 257, 2027–2034.
Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)
|Total View: 50||Downloads: 14||Page No: 3021-3024|