Healthcare wastes management practices by public health facilities in Oshimili-South LGA of Delta State, South-South Nigeria ( Vol-2,Issue-6,November - December 2017 )
Author: Eguvbe A.O., Egbagba J.E, Adam V, Ilika L.A.
Keyword: Healthcare, waste, management, practices.
Abstract: Background: The sustainable management of Healthcare waste has continued to generate increasing public interest due to the health problems associated with exposure of human beings to potentially hazardous wastes arising from healthcare. Objectives: To ascertain the healthcare wastes management practices by public health facilities in Oshimili-South LGA of Delta State. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study. A multistage sampling technique was used in the selection of LGAs, healthcare facilities and respondents. There was Characterization and measurement (quantification) of waste. The study instrument was English language structured self administered questionnaire. The data obtained were analyzed using SPSS version 17. Results: Practice of wastes reduction 92 (24.2%), wastes recycling 46(12.1%) and wastes weighing 72(18.4%). Fifty nine point four percent (59.4%) of respondents use personal protective equipments when handling wastes. Most 214 (62.2%) reported that burning was their final healthcare wastes disposal methods. The doctors, pharmacists and laboratory scientists all reported 100% use of protective gadgets. While the nurses (56.9%) and the wastes handlers (50.9%) use protective gadgets. On the average, 2.40kg/bed/day of waste was generated by the health facilities. Conclusion: The study revealed that there was poor practice of waste segregation and recycling in all the facilities. There is need for more training.
 United States Environmental Protection Agency. Guides to Environmental Pollution Prevention: Selected Hospital Wastes streams. 1990. USEPA/625/7-90/009.
 Olubukola BO. Comparative Analysis of Healthcare waste management practice in two General hospitals in Nigeria.2009. Accessed at http://www.eco-web.com/edi/index.htm on 06/06/2011 at 10:21pm.
 Tudor TL, Noonan CL, Jenkin LET. Healthcare waste management; A case study from the Cornwall NHS, UK Waste Manage 2005; 25: 606-615.
 Ferreira AP, Veiga MM. Hospital waste operational procedures: A Case study in Brazil. Waste manage 2003; 21:377-382.
 UN/GEF. Global healthcare waste project. Accessed at www.gefmedwaste.org/ on 23/10/2012.
 Park K. Park’s textbook of preventive and social medicine. m/s Bnarside bhant publishers 2009; 20 ed (13), 659-661.
 Farzadika M, Moradi A, Mohammadi MS. Hospital waste management statusin Iran: A case study in the teaching hospitals of Iran university of medical sciences. Waste Manage Res 2009; 27:384-389.
 Lagos Waste Management Authority 2011. Accessed at www.lawma.gov.ng/ on 14/01/2012.
 WHO. Safe healthcare waste management: policy paper, 2002. Accessed at www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/medicalwaste/hcwmpolicy/en/ on 02/12/2011.
 Townend WK, Cheeseman CR. Guidelines for the evaluation and assessment of the sustainable use of resources and waste management at healthcare facilities. Waste Manage Res. 2005; 23: 398-408.
 Adegbita MA, Nwafor SO, Afon A, Abegunde AA, Bamise CT. Assessment of Dental Waste Management in a Nigerian tertiary hospital. Waste Manage. Res. 2010; 28:769-777.
 Shinee S, Gombojav E, Nishimura A, Hamgjima N, Ito K. Healthcare waste management in the Capital city of Mongolia. Waste management 2007; 12: 22.
 Ahmed R, Ahmed N. Healthcare waste Management in Karachi, Pakistan.2008. Waste Management, 2004; 20(4): 34-52.Accessed at http//:www.waste.nl on 16/06/2011.
 Ijaya KG, Kavita D, Vidya KB. A critical Analysis of healthcare waste management in developed and developing Countries: Case study from India and England.2007. Accessed at www.swif.ait.ac.th/intlconf/ on 16/06/2011.
 Abah SO, Ohimain EI. Health care waste management in Nigeria: A case study. JPHE 2011; 3(3). 99-110.
 Sudhaka V, Chandrashekar J. Dental Healthcare Waste disposal among private Dental Practices in Bangalore City, India. Waste manage 2008; Accessed at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18356854 on 17/06/2011.
 Bassey BE, Benka-Coker, MO, Aluyi SA. Characterization and management of solid Medical Waste in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja Nigeria 2006. Accessed at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc1831969 on 17/06/2011.
 Longe EO, Williams A. A preliminary study of medical waste management in Lagos metropolis, Nigeria. Iran.J. Environ. Health. Sci. Eng., 2006; 3(2):133-139.
 Mokuolu O. Improving the management of solid hospital waste in a Nigerian tertiary hospital. Free online files, September 2009. Available at http://www.thefreelibrary.com/health+general+community/2009/September/25- p5384
 Kane A, Lloyd J, Zaffran M, Simonsen L, Kane M. Transmission of hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency viruses through unsafe injections in the developing world: model-based regional estimates. Bull needle stick accidents. World Health Org 1999; 41: 151-4.
 Cocchiarella L, Scott D, Deitchman SD, Young DC. Biohazardous waste management: What a the physician needs to know. Report of the council on scientific affairs. Arch Fam Med. 2000; 9: 26-9.
 Askarian M, Vakili M, Kabir G. Results of a hospital waste survey in private hospitals in Fars province, Iran. Waste Management, 2004; 24(4): 347-52.
 Askarian M, Vakili M, Kabir G. Hospital waste management status in university hospitals of the Fars province, Iran. Int. J. Environ. Health Res, 2004; 14(4): 295-305.
 Ngwuluka N, Ochekpe N, Odumosu P, John SA. Waste management in health care establishment within Jos metropolis, Nigeria. Afr J of Env Sc and Tech 2009; 3(12): 459-465.
 Ogbonna DN, Chindah A, Ubani N. Waste management options for healthcare wastes in Nigeria: A case study of Port Harcourt hospitals. Journal of Public Health Epidemiology 2012; 4(6): 156-169.
 Rutala WA, Odette RL, Samsa GP. Management of infectious wastes by US hospitals. JAMA, 1989; 262: 1635-40.
 Ramokate T, Basu D. Health care waste management at academic hospital: knowledge and practice of doctors and nurses. SAMJ, 2009; 99(6): 444-5.
 Chaudhry MA, Hyat A, Qureshi SM, Najmi SAA. Health hazards of hospital waste to sanitary workers at combined military hospital, Rawalpindi. Pakistan armed forces medical journal, 2004; 2(11).
 Coker AO, Sikiru KA, Sridhar MKC, Sangodoyin AY. Characterization and management of hospital solid wastes in Nigeria: Sanitation and water for all, proc. of the 25th WEDC Conf, Addis Ababa Ethiopia. 1999; 331-4.
 Babatola JO. A study of hospital waste generation and management practices in Akure, Nigeria. African Research Review 2008; 2(3): 292-305.
Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)
|Total View: 64||Downloads: 5||Page No: 3173-3184|