Impact of Selenium Nanoparticles on Growth, Biochemical Characteristics and Yield of Cluster Bean Cyamopsis tetragonoloba

Impact of Selenium Nanoparticles on Growth, Biochemical Characteristics and Yield of Cluster Bean Cyamopsis tetragonoloba ( Vol-2,Issue-6,November - December 2017 )

Author: P. Ragavan., A. Ananth, M.R.Rajan

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/2.6.19

Keyword: Impact, Selenium, Nanoparticles, Growth, Biochemical, Yield, Cluster bean.

Abstract: The present study deals with the impact of selenium nanoparticles on growth, biochemical characteristics and yield of Cluster bean Cyamopsis tetragonoloba grown for a period 60 days Sodium selenite and ascorbic acid was utilized for the synthesis of Selenium nanoparticles using precipitation method. Selenium nanoparticles were characterized by using SEM, EDAX, FTIR and XRD. Pot culture studies of cluster bean in different quantity of Selenium nanoparticles such as 0,100, 200, 300, 400 and 500mg for treatment T0 (Control) T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 and growth biochemical and yield were estimated at the end of 60 days. SEM image of selenium nanoparticles was observed as spherical in shape. EDAX spectrum recorded on purity of selenium nanoparticles. The FTIR spectrum of selenium nanoparticles was analyzed in the range of 4000-400 cm-1 spectral bands were observed. The germination percentage in T0, T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 are 100,90,80,90,100 and 100 respectively. Among the treatments the shoot length is higher (21.8) in T1 containing 100mg of selenium nanoparticles and lower in(12.01) T5 containing 500mg of nanoparticles. Root length, fresh and dry weight and leaf area were higher in T2. The vigor index is higher T4.The chlorophyll a, b total Chlorophyll, carotenoids, anthocyanin, protein, L-proline, free amino acids and leaf nitrate were higher inT4.Among the treatments yield of cluster bean is higher in T4 and lower in T0.


[1] Maeda, H., Wu, J and Sawa, T.Tumor 2001.vascular permeability and the EPR effect in macromolecular therapeutics- A Review. J. Control Release, 65: 271-284.
[2] Bunglavan, S.J., Garg, A.K., Dass, R.S and Sameer Shrivastava, 2014.Effect of supplementation of different levels of selenium as nanoparticles/sodium selenite on blood biochemical profile and humoral immunity in male Wistar rats. Research Articles,7(12) : 1075 – 1081.
[3] Ramamurthy, C. H., Sampath, K.S., Arun Kumar., Suresh Kumar, M., Sujatha, V., Prem Kumar,K., Thirunavukkarasu.C, 2012.Green synthesis and characterization of selenium nanoparticles and its Augmented cytotoxicity with doxorubicin on cancer cells. Journals of Bioprocess and Biosynthesis Engineering, 36 : 1131–1139.
[4] Sonam Malhotra, Neetu Jha and Krutika Desai, 2014.A superficial synthesis of selenium nanospheresusing wet chemical approach. International Journal of Nanotechnologyand Application, 3(4) : 7 - 14.
[5] JonneRodenburg., Kazuki Saito., RunyamboIrakiza., Derek, W., Makokha, Enos, A., Onyuka and Kalimuthu Senthilkumar, 2014.Labor-Saving Weed Technologies for Lowland Rice Farmers in sub-Saharanm Africa. Journal of America Weed Society Science, 29 (4) : 751 - 757.
[6] Salwa, M and Abbas, (2012)Effects of low temperature and selenium application on growth and the physiological changes in sorghum seedlings. Journal of Stress Physiology and Biochemistry, 8 (1) : 268-286.
[7] Prasad, B., H. Feizi and Sharmila, P, 2012 Effect of nonoscale zinc particles on the germination, growth and yield of peanut, Journal of Plant Nutrition,39:905-927.
[8] Vijayarengan, P (2013) Changes in growth, biochemical constituents and antioxidant potentials in cluster bean Cyamopsis tetragonolobaL. Taub under zinc stress. International Journal of Current Science, 5 : 37- 49.
[9] Marisamy Kalingan., Duraipandian Muthaiah., Sevugaperumal Rajagopal and Ramasubramanian Venkatachalam (2015) Estimation of Barium Toxicity Mitigating Efficacy of Amaranthus caudatusL., Universal Journal of Environmental Research and Technology, 5 : 295 - 305.
[10] Liu, X.M., Y.Shi and Salama, H, 2016.Effect of nano ferric oxide on growth and nutrients absorption of Peanut. Plant Nutr. and Fert. Sci., 11:14-18.
[11] Sanghpriya Gautam,P., Kannaujiya and Srivastava.M.N (2015)Growth and biochemical responses of spinach (Spinacea oleracea L.) grown in Zn contaminated soils.International Journal of Recent Biotechnology, 3(1) : 7-12.

[12] Suresh Kumar,K and Mariappan,V (2013)Evaluation of sugarcane mill effluent and its impact on the growth, biochemical and DNA profile of Chloroxylon swietenia, dc. International Journal of Research in Environmental Science and Technology, 3 (3) :92 - 99.
[13] Gokila, B., V.Keerthika and M.R.Rajan, 2017.Impact of Zinc oxide Nanoparticles on Growth, Biochemical characteristics and Yield of Lady’s finger. Indian J. Of Appl. Res.,,7(8):53- 56,
[14] Sharma, V.K. and Kansal, B 1984.Effect of Nitrogen, farm yard manure, town refuse and sewage water on the yield and Nitrogen content of Maize, J. Ecol.,11: 77-81.
[15] Manal,M., Emam, Hemmat E., Khattab, Nesma M. Helal, Abdelsalam E. Deraz (2014) Effect of selenium and silicon on yield quality of rice plant grown under drought stress. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 8 (4) : 596 - 653.

Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)

Total View: 35 Downloads: 4 Page No: 2917-2926