Isothermal and Batch Adsorption Studies of Malachite Green Oxalate Dye onto Activated Carbon from Snail Shell

Isothermal and Batch Adsorption Studies of Malachite Green Oxalate Dye onto Activated Carbon from Snail Shell ( Vol-2,Issue-5,September - October 2017 )

Author: Ikhazuangbe P.M.O., Eruotor M.O.

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/2.5.28

Keyword: Adsorption, kinetic, Malachite green oxalate, snail shell, thermodynamic.

Abstract: Adsorption efficiency, kinetic and thermodynamic studies of the adsorption of Malachite green oxalate onto activated carbon from snail shell was carried out. The cleaned Snail shell was carbonized at 400oC, crushed and sieved before it was activated with 0.1m HCl at 800oC in a furnace. Batch adsorption experiment was carried out at variable concentration, time and temperature while other factors are kept constant. The adsorption isotherms used show that the correlation coefficient of Freundlich isotherm is closer to unity compare to that of Langmuir isotherm. The adsorption follows the Pseudo second order kinetic with adsorption capacity of 1.7544 (mg/g) and rate constant of 0.471(g/mg.min). The thermodynamic parameters: change in enthalpy, ∆H = 15.90 KJ/mol, change in entropy ∆S = 60.16J/mol. K and the change in Gibbs free energy ∆G = -1.69, -2.98, -3.64, -3.24, -3.43 and -3.51 KJ/mol at 303, 308, 313, 318, 323 and 328K respectively. These results show that activated carbon from snail shell has the potential of a good low cost adsorbent for the removal of this hazardous dye from wastewater.


[1] B. Emrah, O. Mahmut, and S.I. Ayhan, “Adsorption of malachite green onto bentonite: Equilibrium and kinetic studies and process design,” Microporous And Mesoporous materials, Vol. 115, pp. 234-246
[2] B.H. Hameed, A.T.M. Din, and A.L. Ahmad, “Adsorption of methylene blue onto bamboo-based activated carbon: Kinetics and equilibrium studies,” Journal of hazardous materials, 2006;
[3] B.H. Hameed, and M.I. El-Khaiary, “Malachite green adsorption by Rattan Sawdust: Isotherm, kinetic and mechanism modeling”. Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 159, 2008, pp. 574–579.
[4] D. Hakan, D. İlknur, and K. Belgin, “Adsorption of Textile Dye onto Activated Carbon Prepared from Industrial. Giresul,” Turkey: J. Int. Environmental Application & Science, 2008.
[5] D.B. Adie, C.A Okuofu, and C. Osakwe, “Isothermal and batch adsorption Studies of the use of Borassus Aethiopium and Cocos Nucifera for wastewater treatment,” America International Journal of Contemporary research, Vol. 2. (7), 2012, pp. 119 – 130.
[6] Hema, M., and Arivoli, S., “Adsorption kinetics and thermodynamics of Malachite green dye unto acid activated low cost carbon”. J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage, Vol. 12(1), 2008, pp. 43 – 51.
[7] M. Arami, N.Y. Limaee, N.M. Mahmoodi, “Evaluation of the adsorption kinetics and equilibrium for the potential removal of acid dyes using a biosorbent,” Chem. Eng. J, Vol. 139, 2008, pp. 2-10.
[8] M. Pedram, M. Parvini and Z.M. Hassan, “Removal of erythrosine dyes from aquatic environment using Ziziphus Nummularia kernel”. Iranica journal of Energy & Environment, Vol. 5. (4), 2014, pp. 400-406.
[9] P.M.O. Ikhazuangbe, F.L. Kamen, C.A. Okwara, P.I. Oghome and S.O. Opebiyi, “Adsorption of malachite green oxalate dye onto activated carbon from coconut fibre,” International refereed journal of scientific research in engineering, Vol. 2. (4): 2017, pp. 07 – 12.
[10] P.M.O. Ikhazuangbe, F.L. Kamen, S.O. Opebiyi, C.A. Okwara and O.E. Onyelucheya, “Kinetic and thermodynamic studies of the adsorption of malachite green oxalate dye onto activated carbon from periwinkle shell”, Journal of multidisciplinary engineering science and technology, Vol. 4. (6): 2017. Pp. 1 – 5.
[11] R.H. Gumus and I. Okpeku, “Production of Activated Carbon and Characterization from Snail Shell Waste (Helix pomatia)”. Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, Vol. 5. 2015. pp. 51-61.
[12] S. S. Ashish, M. M. Aniruddha, V. J. Vikas, D. R. Prakash, A. A. Mansing, S.K. Sanjay, “Removal of malachite green dye from aqueous solution with adsorption technique using limonia acidissima” (wood apple) shell as low cost adsorbent. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 12(19), 2014, pp. 1-10.
[13] S.A. Yahya, A. Rajab and S.A. Samer, “Analyzing adsorption data of erythrosine dye using principal component analysis”, Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 34, 2012, pp.123– 126,
[14] Z. Zhang, L. Moghaddam, I.M.O. O’Hara, and W.O.S. Doherty, “Congo Red adsorption by ball-milled sugarcane bagasse,” Chem. Eng. J, Vol. 178, 2011, pp. 122– 128.

Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)

Total View: 46 Downloads: 3 Page No: 2487-2492