Short Term Effect of Crop Residue and Different Nitrogen Levels on Grain yield of Wheat under Rice-Wheat System

Short Term Effect of Crop Residue and Different Nitrogen Levels on Grain yield of Wheat under Rice-Wheat System ( Vol-2,Issue-4,July - August 2017 )

Author: Narayan Khatri, Dev Raj Chalise, Nabin Rawal

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/2.4.30

Keyword: Crop residue, Nitrogen level and Yield.

Abstract: Crop residues are very important source of plant nutrients and recycling of crop residues with inorganic fertilizer increases the yield of rice and wheat in rice-wheat system. The objective of the study was to determine the production and productivity of wheat as affected by management of crop residues and different nitrogen levels. The field experiments were carried out in 2014 and 2015 at National Wheat Research Program, Bhairahawa, Nepal and the field was laid out in split plot design: two crop residue levels (with and without residues) as whole plot and seven nitrogen levels (0, 25, 50, 75,100, 125, 150 kg/ha) as sub-plot which were replicated three times. Significant difference was observed with crop residues incorporation in biological yield with the value of 5538 kg/ha as compared to without residue incorporation (4167 kg/ha) in 2014. Similar result was observed in 2015 as highest significant biological yield of 6629 kg/ha was recorded from residue incorporation plot. On the other hand, application of nitrogen @ 150 kg/ha resulted to significantly highest grain yield of 2593 and 3073 kg/ha in both years (2014 and 2015) respectively. The overall conclusion is that an improved crop residue management with appropriate dose of chemical fertilizer increases the grain yield of wheat in short term basis.

References:

[1] Bacon, P.E. 1987. Effect of nitrogen fertilization and rice stubble management techniques on soil moisture content, soil nitrogen status, and nitrogen uptake by wheat. Field Crop Res. 17:75-90.
[2] Gupta, R. K., A. K. Shukla, M. Ashraf, Z. U. Ahmed, R. K. P. Sinha and P. R. Hobbs.2002. Options for establishment of rice and issues constraining its productivity and sustainability in eastern Gangetic plains of Bihar, Nepal and Bangladesh. Rice-Wheat Consortium Traveling Seminar Report Series 4. New Delhi, India: Rice Wheat Consortium for the Indo-Gangetic Plains. p. 36.
[3] Mahapatra, B.S., Sharma, G.L. and Singh, N. 1991. Integrated management of straw and urea nitrogen in low land rice under a ricewheat rotation. J. Agric. Sci., Camb. 116:217-222.
[4] Powel, J.M. and Unger, P.W. 1997. Alternatives to crop residues as soil amendments. In: Renard, C. (Ed.) Crop residues in sustainable mixed crop/livestock farming systems. ICRISAT, India and ILRI, Kenya. p. 215-239.
[5] Sidhu, B.S. and Beri, V. 1989. Effect of crop residue management on yields of different crops and soil properties. Biol. Wastes 27:15- 27.
[6] Singh Y & Singh B (2001). Efficient Management of Primary Nutrition in the Rice-Wheat System. In: Kataki, P.K. (ed).pages 23–85.

Total View: 158 Downloads: 30 Page No: 1689-1693


Cite this Article:

MLA

Narayan Khatri, Dev Raj Chalise, Nabin Rawal et al."Short Term Effect of Crop Residue and Different Nitrogen Levels on Grain yield of Wheat under Rice-Wheat System". International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878),vol 2, no. 4, 2017, pp.1689-1693 AI Publications doi:10.22161/ijeab/2.4.30

APA

Narayan Khatri, Dev Raj Chalise, Nabin Rawal, P.(2017).Short Term Effect of Crop Residue and Different Nitrogen Levels on Grain yield of Wheat under Rice-Wheat System. International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).2(4), 1689-1693.10.22161/ijeab/2.4.30

Chicago

Narayan Khatri, Dev Raj Chalise, Nabin Rawal, P.(2017).Short Term Effect of Crop Residue and Different Nitrogen Levels on Grain yield of Wheat under Rice-Wheat System. International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).2(4), pp.1689-1693.

Harvard

Narayan Khatri, Dev Raj Chalise, Nabin Rawal. 2017."Short Term Effect of Crop Residue and Different Nitrogen Levels on Grain yield of Wheat under Rice-Wheat System". International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).2(4):1689-1693.Doi:10.22161/ijeab/2.4.30

IEEE

Narayan Khatri, Dev Raj Chalise, Nabin Rawal."Short Term Effect of Crop Residue and Different Nitrogen Levels on Grain yield of Wheat under Rice-Wheat System", International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology,vol.2,no. 4, pp.1689-1693,2017.

Bibtex

@article { narayankhatri2017short,
title={Short Term Effect of Crop Residue and Different Nitrogen Levels on Grain yield of Wheat under Rice-Wheat System},
author={Narayan Khatri, Dev Raj Chalise, Nabin Rawal , R},
journal={International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology},
volume={2},
year= {2017} ,
}