Adaption of Wheat Genotypes to Drought Stress

Adaption of Wheat Genotypes to Drought Stress ( Vol-3,Issue-1,January - February 2018 )

Author: M. Al-salimiyia, G. De Luigi, E. Abu-Rabada, H. Ayad, R. Basheer-Salimia

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/3.1.23

Keyword: Wheat genotypes, drought stress, adaptation.

Abstract: Drought can serve to restrict the growth and development of wheat. The current research was conducted to screen for drought-tolerant wheat genotypes through phenotypic markers, including growth indicators and yield. We used a Randomized Complete Block (RCB) design with three replicate sites (about333 m2 area per replicate). Six wheat genotypes which are frequently grown under rain-fed conditions at the southern highland of West-Bank, Palestine were evaluated for specific phenotypes including stem length, spike with awns length, awns length, number of tillers, total grain, total hay, and mass of seeds (per 100). The results showed significant variations among the six wheat genotypes for most of the measured parameters. Yellow-Hetia genotype showed the highest stem length, spike with awns length, awns length, weight of 100 seeds, and yield (grain plus hay). However, the remaining genotypes presented almost similar production ranging from 475-488 kg/dunum. In contrary, Nab-El-Jamal genotype exhibited the lowest grain production and Um-El-Rabee’ genotype revealed the minimum hay production. Based on our data, Yellow-Hetia could be a promising cultivar for future breeding programs, especially those involving drought tolerance.


[1] Agoston, T(2009). Effect of the crop year on the agronomical traits of wheat varieties. PhD thesis, University of Debrecen.
[2] Ahmad, Y., S. El-Sarafy, and E.Lutz (eds) (1989). Environmental Accounting and Sustainable Development. Washington, D.C. World Bank. (World Bank Symposia Series).
[3] Ahmad, I., I.KhaliqN.Mahmood and N.Khan (2015). Morphological and physiological criteria for drought tolerance at seedling stage in wheat. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences. 25(4): 1041-1048.
[4] Ahmadizadeh, M. (2013). Physiological and agro-morphological response to drought stress. Middle-East J. Sci. Res. 13: 998-1009.
[5] Austine, R.B. (1980). Physiological limitation to cereal yields and ways of reducing them by breeding. In: Opportunities for increasing crop yields. Pitman Pub., London.
[6] Basheer-SalimiaR. and S.Atawnah(2014). Morphological features, yield components and genetic relatedness of some wheat genotypes grown in Palestine. World Journal of Agricultural Research.2(1): 12-21.
[7] Basheer-Salimia,R.and T.Sayara(2017). Using Stable Isotope (13C) and C/N ratio to study the effects of Climate Change on Olive trees. Arab American University Journal. 3 (1): 22-39.
[8] Basheer-Salimia, R. and J.Ward (2014). Climate change and its effects on olive tree physiology in Palestine. Review of Research Journal.3(7): 1-7.
[9] Chaves M. M., J. P.Maroco, and J. S. Pereira (2003). Understanding plant responses to drought—from genes to the whole plant,” Functional Plant Biology, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 239–264.
[10] Edwards, M (2010). Morphological features of wheat grain and genotype affecting flour yield, PhD thesis, Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW.
[11] FAO (2016). Publication of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, World Food Program, Cereal supply and demand, Rome, Italy.
[12] FAO (2017). Publication of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, World Food Program, Cereal supply and demand, Rome, Italy.
[13] Farooq, J., I.Khaliq, M.A.Ali, M.Khashif, A.Rehman, M.Naveed, Q.Ali, W.Nazeer and A. Farooq(2011). Inheritance pattern of yield attributes in spring wheat at grain filling stage under different temperature regimes. Aust. J. Crop Sci.5(13): 1745-1753.
[14] Gooding, M.J. (2009). The wheat crop. In: Khan K, ShewryP. R (eds) Wheat: Chemistry and Technology, 4th ed. AACC International, Minnesota. 35-70.
[15] Jaleel, C.,P.Manivannan, A.Kishorekumar, B.Sankar, R.Gopi, R.Somasundaram, and R.Panneerselvam(2007). Alterations in osmoregulation, antioxidant enzymes and indole alkaloid levels in Catharanthusroseus exposed to water deficit. Colloids Surf. B: Bio-inter-faces. 59: 150-157.
[16] Mollasadeghi, V., S.Elyasi, and B.Mirzamasoumzadeh(2012). Genetic variation of 12 bread wheat genotypes based on number of phonological and morphological traits. Ann. Biol. Res. 3: 4734–4740.
[17] Motzo, R. and F.Giunta(2002). Awnedness affects grain yield and kernel weight in near-isogenic lines of durum wheat. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 53: 1285–1293.
[18] Nezhadahmadi, A., Z.Prodhan, and G.Faruq(2013). Drought Tolerance in Wheat.The Scientific World Journal.2013.
[19] ÖZTÜRK, A. and M.AYDIN (2017). Physiological characterization of Turkish bread wheat genotypes for resistance to late drought stress. Turk J Agric For. 41: 414-440.
[20] PCBS (2013). Agricultural Statistics. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Ramallah, Palestine.
[21] Rizhsky, L.,H. Liang, and R.Mittler(2002). The combined effect of drought stress and heat shock on gene expression in tobacco. Plant Physiology. 130(3): 1143–1151.
[22] Seghatoleslami, M. J., M.Kafi, E.Majidi(2008). Effect of drought stress at different growth stages on yield and water use efficiency of five proso millet (Panicummiliaceum L.) genotypes. Pak J Bot 40: 1427-1432.
[23] Shafi, M., S. Khan and M.Nazir (1992). Yield and yield components of wheat in relation to different phosphorus and radiation levels. SarhadJ. Agril. 8: 1-5.
[24] Sharma S.N., R.S.Sain, and R.K.Sharma (2003). Genetics of spike length in durum wheat. Euphytica. 130:155-161.
[25] Sharpe, R.E. (2002). Interaction with ethylene: changing views on the role of abscisic acid in root and shoot growth responses to water stress. Plan Cell and Environment. 25: 211-222.
[26] Simane, B., P. C.Struik, M. M.Nachit, J. M. Peacock (1993). Ontogenetic analysis of yields and yields components and yield stability of durum wheat in water-limited environments. Euphytica. 71: 211-219.
[27] Thorne, G.N.(1974). Physiology of grain yield of wheat and barley, Rothamsted Experimental Station, Report for 1973, part 2, pp 5-25.
[28] Weyhrich, R.A., B.F.Carver, B.C.Martin (1995). Photosynthesis and water-use efficiency of awned and awnletted near-isogenic lines of hard red winter wheat. Crop Sci. 35:172-176
[29] Yadavi, A., A.Modaress-Sanavi, and R.Zarghami(2000). The effects of drought stress on oats species in Germination Step. Articles summary in 6th session of agriculture and plants improvement congress, Iran, Mazandaran University. 235-236.

Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)

Total View: 23 Downloads: 15 Page No: 182-186