Analysis of Profitability and Constraints of Table Egg Production Enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria ( Vol-2,Issue-6,November - December 2017 )
Author: Mere, C. U.; Ater, P. I. and Ezihe, J. A. C.
Keyword: Table Egg, Profitability, Production, Constraints, Benue State.
Abstract: This study was carried out in Benue State, Nigeria. It was aimed at determining the profitability of table egg production enterprises and the constraints limiting their operations. The population of the study comprised all registered table egg production enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria. A sample size of 65 table egg production enterprises were selected using multi-stage random sampling technique. Cross sectional data were obtained from the 65 table egg producers with the aid of structured questionnaire. Data collected from the enterprises were analysed using descriptive statistics, farm budgeting technique and factor analysis methods. The results revealed that the table egg production enterprises in the state were of medium scale, with mean flock size of 1040 birds. An average producer in the enterprise was 44 years old and had a household size of 7 persons. All the producers had obtained one for of formal education or the other, with tertiary education being the majority (69.2%). Table egg production was found to be a profitable venture in the study area with Net Farm Income (NFI) of ₦ 1248.03 per bird. However, the enterprises are faced with a number of constraints militating against their efficient operation. These including financial/marketing, inputs and environmental constraints. Based on the findings of this study, it was concluded that table egg production in the State is profitable. The enterprise remains a viable investment option for investors, as it possesses high growth potentials which are achievable through increased investment and proper management of identified constraints. Hence, subsidization of poultry production inputs by the government, making loans/grants easily accessible to egg farmers at single digit interest rates, formation of cooperative societies by the producers in the enterprise, setting up of more feed mills in the state and support for researches geared toward developing Non-feed-food competing feed materials were recommended as means of increasing profitability of table egg enterprises in the Study area.
 Adene, D.F. and Oguntade, A.E. (2006). The structure and importance of the commercial and village-based poultry industry in Nigeria. FAO (Rome) Study, October 2006. 66 pp.
 Adepoju, A. A. (2008). Technical efficiency of Egg Production in Osun state, International journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, (1): 7-14.
 Aihonsu, J.O.Y. (1999). Optimal laying period for profitable and sustainable egg production in Bamiro, O. M. and Shittu A. M. (2009). Vertical Integration and Cost Behaviour in poultry Industry in Ogun and Oyo States of Nigeria.
 Akinwumi, J. A., Adegeye, A. J., Ikpi, A. E. and Olayide, S. O. (1979). Economic Analysis of Nigerian Poultry Industry (A study commissioned by Federal Livestock Department) Lagos.
 Amaza, P.S. (2000). Resource Use Efficiency in Food Crop Production in Gombe State: A PhD Thesis (unpublished) cited in Abdulsa- lam R.Y. (2010). Economics of Smallholder Irrigated Farming System in the Hadejia Nguru Wetlands of North Eastern Nigeria. M.sc dissertation (unpublished).Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension,Faculty of Agriculture, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto.
 Anang, B. T., Yeboah, C. and Agbolosu, A. A. (2013). Profitability of Broiler and Layer Production in the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, 8(5):423-430.
 Benue State Agricultural and Rural Development Authority (BNARDA) (1999). Highlights of BNARDA’S Programmes, Makurdi. pp 1-15.
 Emam, A.A. and A.M. Hassan (2010). Econom- ics of egg poultry production in Khartoum State with emphasis on the open-system- Sudan; African Journal of Agricultural Research 5(18), 2491-2496.
 Esiobu, N.S; Onubuogu, G.C. and Okoli, V.B.N. (2014). Determinants of Income from Poultry Egg Production in Imo State, Nigeria: An Econometric Model Approach. Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science, 3(7): 186-199.
 Hula, M. A. (2010). Population Dynamics and Vegetation Change in Benue State, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Issues and Agriculture in Developing Countries, 2(1): pp. 53-69.
 Igbalajobi, O., Fatuase, A. I. and Ajibefun I. (2012). Determinant of Poverty Incidence Among Rural Farmers in Ondo State, Nigeria. American Journal of Rural Development 1(5): 131-137.
 Jatto, N. A. (2005). Economics and Social Characteristics of Registered Poultry Egg Producers in Ilorin, Kwara State. Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-economic Sciences, 11(11): 18-23.
 Mirski, T. Bartoszeze, M. and Bielawska-Drόzd (2012). Impact of Climate Change on Infectious Diseases. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies. 21(3): 525-532.
 Mukthtar, U. (2012). Economic Analysis of Poultry-Egg Production in Bauchi Local Government Area, Bauchi State, Nigeria. M.Sc. Thesis. Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Faculty of Agriculture. Ahmed Bello University, Zaria 83pp.
 Narahari, D. (2002). All Layer Farms is More Economical than Chick, Grower Cum Layer Farm, Department of poultry science, Ma- dras veterinary college, India. Cited in Rajendran, K. and M. Samarendu (2003). Comparative Economic Analysis and Constraints in Egg Production under Cage vs. Deep Litter Systems of Rearing in India, International Journal of Poultry Science 2 (2): 153-158.
 National Population Commission. (2006). Population Census Statistics: Population Distribution by Age and Sex. Retrieved 10th February, 2016 from http://www.population.gov.ng/index.php/publications/141-population-distribution-by-age-and-sex-2006-census-priority-tables-vol-4
 Ndahitsa, M.A. (2008). Impact of Small Scale Irrigation Technologies on Crop Production by Fadama users in Niger state, 10th nation- al Annual Conference of National Associa- tion of Agricultural Economics (NAAEC).Held at university of Abuja main campus p 195.
 Obinne, C.P.O. (1991).”Adoption of Improved Cassava Production Technologies by Small Farmers in Bendel State” African journal of Biotechnology 7 (9): 1227-1286.
 Okoli, I.C., Anyaegbunam, C.N., Etuk, E.B., Uchegbu M. C. and Udedibie, A.B.I. (2004). Socio-Economic Characteristics of Poultry Business Entrepreneurs in Imo State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Social Research. 4(2), 100 – 111.
 Olasunkanmi, M. B., Otunaiya, A. O. and Adejumo, I. (2013). Profit Efficiency in Poultry Production in Peri-Urban Lagos, Nigeria. International Journal of Applied Agricultural and Apicultural Research. 9 (1&2): 120-130.
 Olorunsanya E. O. (2004). Egg Farming Business in Kwara State, How profitable? Agrosearch 6(1), 9 – 14.
 Oluwatayo, I.B., Sekumade A.B. and Adesoji S.A. (2008). Resource use efficiency of maize farmers in rural Nigeria. Evidence from Ekiti state, World Journal of Agricultural Science 4(1): 91-99.
 Onyebinama, U.A.U., (2004). Farm Business Management for Smallholder Farm Firms in Nigeria, Owerri Alphabet Nigeria Publish-ers, Nigeria.
 Salman, K.K., Ashagidigbi, W.M. and Jabar, K.T.(n.d.). Correlates of Risk-Aversion among Poultry Egg Farmers in Ibadan, Nigeria. Journal of Rural Economics and Development,19 (1): 46 – 60.
 Sani, R.M., S.A., Musa, M.I. Daneji, M.T. Yaka- sai and O. Ayodele (2007). Cost and Returns Analysis in Poultry Production in Bauchi and Gombe metropolis area. Continental Journal of Agricultural Economics 1:14-19.
 Tanko, L. and Aji, D. A. (2011). Comparative Analysis of Economic Efficiency of Broiler and Egg Production Enterprises in Niger State, Nigeria. Retrieved 21st December, 2015 from
 Tanko, L., Nabil, I. A. and Maikasuwa, M. A. (2014). Profit Efficiency of Small Scale Layer Producers in some selected Local Government Areas in Sokoto State, Nigeria. International Journal of Modern Research and Review, 2(1): 52-61.
 Tijjani, A. A., Alimi, T. and Adesiyan, A. T. (2006). ”Profit Efficiency among Nigerian Poultry Egg Farmers: A Case Study of Aiyedoto Farm Settlement, Nigeria. Research Journal of Agricultural Biological Sciences, 2(6):256-261
 Yusuf S. A. and Malomo O. (2007). Technical Efficiency of Poultry Egg Production in Ogun State, International Journal of Poultry Science, 6(9): 622-629.
Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)
|Total View: 39||Downloads: 2||Page No: 2936-2943|