Comparative effects of Varying Rates of Moringa Leaf, Poultry Manure and NPK Fertilizer on the Growth, Yield and Quality of Okra (Abelmoschusesculentus L. Moench)

Comparative effects of Varying Rates of Moringa Leaf, Poultry Manure and NPK Fertilizer on the Growth, Yield and Quality of Okra (Abelmoschusesculentus L. Moench) ( Vol-2,Issue-6,November - December 2017 )

Author: Matthew Aluko, Olufemi Julius Ayodele, Ayo SamuelGbadeola, Ifedayo Henry Oni

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/2.6.17

Keyword: npk, milled moringa leaf, okra (Abelmoschusesculentus), poultry manure.

Abstract: The fertilizer management practices have not ensure the desired improvement in yield for okra (Abelmoschusesculentus L. Moench) due to differences in fertilizer types. The search continues for nutrient sources that would provide adequate nutrition for the crop on the season. A pot experiment was carried out at the Teaching and Research Farm, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria to evaluate the growth and fruit yield responses of okra (Abelmoschusesculentus L. Moench) to the application of air-dried milled moringa leaf (MML), poultry manure (PM) and NPK fertilizer. The MML was applied at 400, 800, and 1200 kg/ha; NPK 15-15-15 at 250 kg/ha and PM at 10 t/ha separately and in all possible combinations in completely randomized design in three replicates. The parameters measured were plant height, stem girth, number of leaves, leaf area, number of fruits and fruit weight. The single treatments differed significantly (P = 0.05) with the combinations of the treatments giving better performance. The 800 kg/ha MML + PM treatment gave the tallest plants (103.33 cm) and followed by single application of PM (102.33 cm). The application of 400 kg/ha MML + PM + NPK produced the highest number of fruits but 800 kg/ha MML + PM + NPK gave the highest fresh fruit (42.70 g) and dry fruit (20.50 g) weight. 800 kg/ha gave best growth performance among MML but 1200 kg/ha gave best yield. This suggests that MML can be used as source of nutrients to grow okra.

References:

[1] Akanbi, W. B. (2010). Growth, Dry Matter and Fruit Yield Components of Okra under Organic and Inorganic Sources of Nutrients. American – Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 4(1): 1-13.
[2] Akande M. O., Oluwatoyinbo F. I., Makinde, E. A., Adepoju A. S. and Adepoju I. S. (2010). Response of Okra to organic and inorganic fertilization. Nature and Science. 8 (11): 261-266.
[3] Akinyele, B. O. and Osekita, O. S. (2006). Correlation and path coefficient analyses of seed yield attributes in okra (Abelmoschusesculentus(L.) Moench). Afri. J. Biotechnol., 5(14): 1330-1336.
[4] Ali, M. B., Lakun, H. I., Sani, S. M., and Adamu, H. M. (2014). Effect of organic manure and sowing date on the growth and yield of okra (AbelmoschusesculentusMoench) in Samaru Zaria, Nigeria. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research (IJAAR), 5(5), 111-117.
[5] Aluko, M. (2016). Moringa leaf extract on the growth and yield of pepper (Capsicum annuum). APRN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science. 11 (3): 106-109.
[6] Annette F. (2012).Moringa: Tree helps in Niger’s food crisis. Australia: The World Today/ABC News. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
[7] Asadu, C. L. A., Ezeaku, P. I., and Nnaji, G. U. (2004). The soils of Sub-Saharan Africa and management needs for sustainable farming. Strategies and Indices of Sustainable Agriculture in the Tropics, 2: 1-27.
[8] Ashraf, I., Ahmad, I., Nafees, M., Yousaf, M. M., and Ahmad, B. (2016). A review on organic farming for sustainable agricultural production. Pure and Applied Biology. 277-286
[9] Babalola, L. A. (2006). Effect of NPK 15:15:15 on the performance and storage life of okra (Abelmoschusesculentus). Proceedings of the Horticultural Society of Nigeria Conference. 125-128
[10] Babatunde, R.O., Omotesho, O.A and Sholotan, O.S. (2007). Socio-economic characteristics and food security status of farming household in Kwara State, North – Central Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 6 (1): 49-58.
[11] Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) (2004). Annual Report and Statistical Bulletin. 6 (12) December 2004.
[12] FMANR, (1990). Literature Review on Soil Fertility Investigation in Nigeria (in Five Volumes). Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Lagos. 32-45
[13] Fahey, J. W. (2005).Moringaoleifera: A Review of the Medical Evidence for Its Nutritional, Therapeutic, and Prophylactic Properties. Part 1. Trees for life Journal, 1(5).
[14] Fuglie, L. J.(2008). New Uses of Moringa Studied in Nicaragua: ECHO's Technical Network Site-networkingglobal hunger solutions. ECHO, Nicaragua: 1-7.
[15] Havlin, J. L., Beaton, J. D., Tisdale, S. L. and Nelson, W. L. (2004). Soil fertility and fertilizer: an introduction to nutrient management. Pearson Education. India, 2004: 106-153.
[16] Iyagba, A. G., Onuegbu, B. A. and Ibe, A. E. (2013). Growth and yield response of okra (Abelmoschusesculentus(L.) Moench) to NPK fertilizer rates and weed interference in South-Eastern Nigeria. Int. Res. J. Agric. Sci. Soil Sci. 3(9):328-335.
[17] Jonathan, W. C., Wong, D. J., Lee and Jaya Nair. (2012). An evaluation of aerobic and anaerobic composing of banana peels treated with different inoculums for soil nutrient replenishment. In Advances in Biological Waste Treatment and Bioconversion Technologies. Eds: Jonathan, W. C., Wong, D. J., Lee and Jaya Nair. Bioresource Technology. 126: 375-382
[18] Khan, W., Rayirath, U. P., Subramanian, S. et al.(2009). Seaweed extracts as biostimulants of plant growth and development. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation. 28 (4): 386-399.
[19] Makinde, A. I., Are, K. S., Oluwafemi, M. O., Ayanfeoluwa, O. E. and Jokanola, O. O. (2016). Green Manure Source Affects Growth and Vegetative Yield of Fluted Pumpkin. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 12 (4): 1-6.
[20] Mark, O. (2010).MoringaceaeMartinov. Drumstick Tree Family. Flora of North America, 1993. Flora of North America North of Mexico 7: 167 – 169.
[21] Mvumi, C., Tagwira, F. and Chiteka, A. Z. (2012). Effect of moringa extract on growth and yield of tomato. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2 (5): 207-211.
[22] Mvumi, C., Tagwira, F. and Chiteka, A. Z. (2013). Effect of moringa extract on growth and yield of maize and commonbeans. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 3 (1): 055-062.
[23] Nagar, P. K., Iyer, R. I. and Sircar, P. K.(2006). Cytokinins in developing fruits of MoringapterigospermaGaertn. Physiol Plant. 55: 45-50.
[24] Olaniyi, J. O. (2006). Influence of nitrogen and phosphosrus fertilizers on seed yield and equality of egusi melon (Citrulluslanatus (Thunb) Mansf) in Ogbomoso, South – Western Nigeria. Ph.D Thesis, University of Ibadan, Ibadan. 57 – 155.
[25] Olujobi, O. J. and Ayodele, O.J. (2013). Growth and yield of okra (Abelmoschusesculentus) in response to tree lrgume manure and urea fertilizer. IJAFS 4(12): 502-509
[26] Pandey, S. K and Singh, H.(2011). A simple, cost-effective method for leaf area estimation. Journal of Botany. 2011: 1-6.
[27] Patterson, P. H., Lorenz, E. S. and Weaver, Jr. W. D. (1998). Litter production and nutrients from commercial broiler chickens. Journal of applied Poultry Research, 7: 247-252.
[28] Purseglove, J. W. (1992). Tropical crops. Dicotyledon. Longman. 1:1-719.
[29] Rahman, S. A. (2004). The place of organic manure in sustaining agricultural development in Nigeria. Paper presented at Science Technology and Society National Workshop in Lafia, Nasarawa State, 11th July, 2004.
[30] Tiamiyu, R. A., Ahmed, H. G., & Muhammad, A. S. (2012). Effect of sources of organic manure on growth and yields of okra (Abelmoschusesculentus L.) in Sokoto, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 20(3), 213-216.
[31] Udo, E.J., Ibia, T. O., Ogunwale, J. A., Ano, A. O. and Esu, I. E. (2009). Manual of Soil, Plant and Water Analyses. Sibon Books Limited, Lagos, Nigeria, Pages: 183.

Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)

Total View: 48 Downloads: 4 Page No: 2901-2907