Cu2+ removal from aqueous solution by Platanus orientalis leaf powders

Cu2+ removal from aqueous solution by Platanus orientalis leaf powders ( Vol-2,Issue-6,November - December 2017 )

Author: Baba Imoro Musah, Yubiao Li, Qing Xiao, Shaoxian Song

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/2.6.41

Keyword: Platanus orientalis leaf; Cu2+; kinetics; isotherms; adsorption.

Abstract: An investigation steeredto ascertain the adsorption potential of fallen Platanus orientalis leaf powder (FPOLP) ascost-effective adsorbentto removeCu2+from an aqueous solution. The FPOLP was physically activated in two different forms (oxidation) and (N2) flowconditions. Batch operations for Cu2+ adsorption were performed to ascertain adsorption characteristics of FPOLP and activated samples. The results indicated that the optimum activation temperature and time were 500 oC and 180 min, respectively, while the best Cu2+ removal was achieved when the solution was controlled at pH 3 and the adsorbent dosage at 3 g/L.Additionally, an evaluation of the mechanism of adsorption fitted very well intopseudo-second-order. FTIR, scanning electron microscopy and BETmeasurements suggested that the new functional groups and the increased surface area related to the porous structure played a critical role in Cu2+ removal by the activated leaf powder. FPOLP has a great potential to remove Cu2+ in an aqueous solution.


Abadian, S., Rahbar-Kelishami, A., Norouzbeigi, R., Peydayesh, M.: Cu(II) adsorption onto Platanus orientalis leaf powder: Kinetic, isotherm, and thermodynamic studies. Res. Chem. Intermed. 41, 7669–7681 (2015).
[2] Anagement, M.: Adsorption Studies of Heavy Metals by Low-Cost Adsorbents. J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manag. (2014).
[3] Argun, M.E., Dursun, S., Karatas, M., Gürü, M.: Activation of pine cone using Fenton oxidation for Cd(II) and Pb(II) removal. Bioresour. Technol. 99, 8691–8698 (2008).
[4] Brahmi, M., Ahmed, W., Olfa, F., Abdennaceur, H.: Henna wood as an adsorptive material for bentazon. African J. Biotechnol. 13, 3597–3606 (2014).
[5] Cardenas-Peña, A.M., Ibanez, J.G., Vasquez-Medrano, R.: Determination of the point of zero charge for electrocoagulation precipitates from an iron anode. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 7, 6142–6153 (2012).
[6] Chakravarty, S., Mohanty, A., Sudha, T.N., Upadhyay, A.K., Konar, J., Sircar, J.K., Madhukar, A., Gupta, K.K.: Removal of Pb(II) ions from aqueous solution by adsorption using bael leaves (Aegle marmelos). J. Hazard. Mater. 173, 502–509 (2010).
[7] Chen, H., Zhao, J., Dai, G., Wu, J., Yan, H.: Adsorption characteristics of Pb(II) from aqueous solution onto a natural biosorbent, fallen Cinnamomum camphora leaves. Desalination. 262, 174–182 (2010).
[8] Dwivedi, A.D., Dubey, S.P., Gopal, K., Sillanpää, M.: Strengthening adsorptive amelioration: Isotherm modeling in liquid phase surface complexation of Pb (II) and Cd (II) ions. Desalination. 267, 25–33 (2011).
[9] Erdem, E., Karapinar, N., Donat, R.: The removal of heavy metal cations by natural zeolites. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 280, 309–314 (2004).
[10] Gorchev, H.G., Ozolins, G.: Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality. Who. 564 (2011).
[11] Goswami, A.K., Kulkarni, S.J., Dharmadhikari, S.K., Phutke, M.: Adsorption of Copper ( II ) ions from SyntheticWaste Water By Teak Leaves. Int. J. Sci. Eng. Technol. Res. 2, 1356–1359 (2013).
[12] Ho, Y.S., McKay, G.: Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. Process Biochem. 34, 451–465 (1999).
[13] Ibrahim, M.B., Sani, S.: Neem ( Azadirachta indica ) Leaves for Removal of Organic Pollutants. 1–9 (2015).
[14] Jokar, M., Farahani, T.S., Ramezanzadeh, B.: Electrochemical and surface characterizations of morus alba pendula leaves extract (MAPLE) as a green corrosion inhibitor for steel in 1M HCl. J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng. 63, 436–452 (2016).
[15] Juang, R.-S., Shiau, R.-C.: Metal removal from aqueous solutions using chitosan-enhanced membrane filtration. J. Memb. Sci. 165, 159–167 (2000).
[16] Klasson, K.T., Wartelle, L.H., Rodgers, J.E., Lima, I.M.: Copper(II) adsorption by activated carbons from pecan shells: Effect of oxygen level during activation. Ind. Crops Prod. 30, 72–77 (2009).
[17] Koumanova, B., Allen, S.J.: Decolourisation of Water / Wastewater Using Adsorption ( Review ). J. Univ. Chem. Technol. Metall. 40, 175–192 (2005).
[18] Kurniawan, T.A., Chan, G.Y.S., Lo, W.H., Babel, S.: Physico-chemical treatment techniques for wastewater laden with heavy metals. Chem. Eng. J. 118, 83–98 (2006).
[19] Li, F.T., Yang, H., Zhao, Y., Xu, R.: Novel modified pectin for heavy metal adsorption. Chinese Chem. Lett. 18, 325–328 (2007).
[20] Li, X., Deng, S., Fu, H.: Inhibition of the corrosion of steel in HCl, H 2SO 4 solutions by bamboo leaf extract. Corros. Sci. 62, 163–175 (2012).
[21] Martin Chaplin: Infrared Spectroscopy. (2013).
[22] Nwabanne, J.T., Igbokwe, P.K.: Mechanism of Copper ( II ) Removal from Aqueous Solution Using Activated Carbon Prepared from Different Agricultural Materials. Int. J. Multidiscip. Sci. Eng. 3, 46–52 (2012).
[23] Odewunmi, N.A., Umoren, S.A., Gasem, Z.M.: Watermelon waste products as green corrosion inhibitors for mild steel in HCl solution. J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 3, 286–296 (2015).
[24] Özer, A., Özer, D., Özer, A.: The adsorption of copper(II) ions on to dehydrated wheat bran (DWB): Determination of the equilibrium and thermodynamic parameters. Process Biochem. 39, 2183–2191 (2004).
[25] Pathania, D., Sharma, S., Singh, P.: Removal of methylene blue by adsorption onto activated carbon developed from Ficus carica bast. Arab. J. Chem. (2013).
[26] Pellera, F.M., Giannis, A., Kalderis, D., Anastasiadou, K., Stegmann, R., Wang, J.Y., Gidarakos, E.: Adsorption of Cu(II) ions from aqueous solutions on biochars prepared from agricultural by-products. J. Environ. Manage. 96, 35–42 (2012).
[27] Reddy, D.H.K., Seshaiah, K., Reddy, A.V.R., Lee, S.M.: Optimization of Cd(II), Cu(II) and Ni(II) biosorption by chemically modified Moringa oleifera leaves powder. Carbohydr. Polym. 88, 1077–1086 (2012).
[28] Robert O. Pickard: Guidelines for discharging wastewater from industrial facilities. Sewer Use Progr. 311, (2011).
[29] Simonin, J.P.: On the comparison of pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order rate laws in the modeling of adsorption kinetics. Chem. Eng. J. 300, 254–263 (2016).
[30] Sohn, S., Kim, D.: Modification of Langmuir isotherm in solution systems - Definition and utilization of concentration dependent factor. Chemosphere. 58, 115–123 (2005).
[31] Soliman, A.M., Elwy, H.M., Thiemann, T., Majedi, Y., Labata, F.T., Al-Rawashdeh, N.A.F.: Removal of Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions by sulphuric acid-treated palm tree leaves. J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng. 58, 264–273 (2016).
[32] Solomon, F.: Impacts of copper on aquatic ecosystems and human health. Mag. 25–28 (2009).
[33] Thusnavis K.P.Vinod Kumar, M. Sankara Narayana Pillai, G.R.: Seed Extract of Psidium guajava as Ecofriendly Corrosion Inhibitor for Carbon Steel in Hydrochloric Acid Medium. J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 27, 1143–1149. (2011).
[34] UNWater: Water for a sustainable world Water for a sustainable. (2015).
[35] USEPA: Technology : Chemical Precipitation. (2013).
[36] Venkata Ramana, D.K., Harikishore Kumar Reddy, D., Yu, J.S., Seshaiah, K.: Pigeon peas hulls waste as potential adsorbent for removal of Pb(II) and Ni(II) from water. Chem. Eng. J. 197, 24–33 (2012).
[37] Villaescusa, I., Fiol, N., Martínez, M., Miralles, N., Poch, J., Serarols, J.: Removal of copper and nickel ions from aqueous solutions by grape stalks wastes. Water Res. 38, 992–1002 (2004).
[38] Wan Ngah, W.S., Hanafiah, M.A.K.M.: Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewater by chemically modified plant wastes as adsorbents: A review. Bioresour. Technol. 99, 3935–3948 (2008).
[39] Wang, B., Guo, X.: Reuse of waste beer yeast sludge for biosorptive decolorization of reactive blue 49 from aqueous solution. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 27, 1297–1302 (2011).
[40] WHO: Chemical fact sheets. Guidel. Drink. Water Qual. 296–461 (2010).
[41] Yao, Z., Qi, J., Wang, L.: Equilibrium , kinetic and thermodynamic studies on the biosorption of Cu ( II ) onto chestnut shell. 174, 137–143 (2010).
[42] Zeitoun, M.M., Sayed, E.-, Mehana, E.: Impact of Water Pollution with Heavy Metals on Fish Health: Overview and Updates. Glob. Vet. 12, 219–231 (2014).

Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)

Total View: 33 Downloads: 6 Page No: 3100-3109