Effect of bioformulations of Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria (PSB) on the Growth and Biochemical Characters of the Gossypium Hirsutum and Zea Mays ( Vol-2,Issue-6,November - December 2017 )
Author: Tensingh Baliah N., Andal Priya S.
Keyword: PSB, carrier, bioinoculants, crop response, cotton, maize.
Abstract: Biofertilizers offer a new technology to Indian agriculture holding a promise to balance many of the short comings of the conventional chemical based technology. They are usually prepared as carrier based inoculants containing effective microorganisms. The present study was aimed at to study the nursery performance of different formulations of PSB in maize and cotton plants. The selected PSB was mass multiplied in the laboratory and incorporated into the nursery soil through different carrier material such as coirpith, vermicompost, organic manure, lignite and vermiculite. The effect of bioinoculants on the growth and biochemical characters were studied from the control and treated seedling of Gossypium hirsutum and Zea mays. The significant difference was observed in the growth and biochemical characters in both Gossypium hirsutum and Zea mays. The effect was differed with reference to the nature of carrier materials used for the preparation of bioformulations. The results indicated that the bioformulation prepared by composted coirpith had superior in plant growth and development.
 Ahemad, M., & Kibret, M. (2014). Mechanisms and applications of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria: Current perspective. J. King Saud. Univ. Sci. 26(1): 1-20.
 Assefa, F., & Fenta, L. (2017). Isolation and characterization of phosphate solubilizing bacteria from Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) rhizosphere and their effect on growth and phosphorus uptake of the host plant under green house experiment. Int. J. Adv. Res. 3: 2320-5407.
 Brahmaprakash, G. P., & Sahu, P. K. (2012). Biofertilizers for sustainability. J. Ind. Inst. Sci. 92(1): 37-62.
 Ferreira, M. C. B., Fernandes, M. S., & Dobereiner, J. (1987). Role of Azospirillum brasilense nitrate reductase in nitrate assimilation by wheat plants. Biol. Fertil. Soil. 4: 47-53.
 Galal, Y. G. M. (2003). Assessment of nitrogen availability to Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) from inorganic and organic N sources as affected by Azospirillum brasilense and Rhizobium leguminosarum inoculation. Egypt. J. Microbiol. 38: 57-73.
 Gandhi, A., & Sivakumar, K. (2010). Impact of vermicompost carrier based bioinoculants on the growth, yield and quality of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) cv. nlr 145. Ecoscan. 4(1): 83-88.
 Gomare, K. S, Mese, M., & Shetkar, Y. (2013). Isolation of Azotobacter and cost effective production of biofertilizer. Indian J. Appl. Res. 3(5): 54-56.
 Hariprasad, P., & Niranjana, S. R. (2009). Isolation and characterization of phosphate solubilizing rhizobacteria to improve plant health of tomato. Plant Soil. 316: 13-24.
 Hassan, T. U., & Bano, A. (2016). Biofertilizer: A novel formulation for improving wheat growth, physiology and yield. Pak. J. Bot. 48(6): 2233-2241.
 Jaworski, E. G. (1971). Nitrate reductase assay intact plant tissues. Biochem. Biophy. Res. Commun. 43: 1274-1279.
 Jayaraman, J. (1981). Laboratory manual in Biochemistry, Willey-Estern Company Limited. Madras. pp. 1-65.
 Khomami, A. M., & Moharam, M. G. (2013). Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria as biofertilizers. Plant Soil. 3(4): 207-265.
 Lowry, O. H., Rosebrough, M. J., Farr, A. L., & Randall, R. J. (1951). Protein measurement with Folin phenol reagent. J. Bio. Chem. 193: 257-262.
 Mahantesh, S. P., Patil, C. S., & Himanshu, V. (2015). Isolation and characterization of potent phosphate solubilizing bacteria. ISOI J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. Food Sci. 1: 23-28.
 Murray, P., Baron, E., Jorgensen, J. P., Faller, M. A., & Yorken, R. H. (2003). Susceptiability testing methods yeast and filamentous fungi, manual of clinical microbiology 8th ed. Vol. 2 American Society Microbiology press Washington DC.
 Roychowdhury, D., Paul, M., & Kumar Banerjee, S. (2015). Isolation, identification and characterization of phosphate solubilizing bacteria from soil and the production of biofertilizer. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 4(11): 808-815.
 Singh, C. K., John, S. A., & Jaiswal, D. (2014). Effect of organics on growth, yield and biochemical parameters of Chilli (Capsicum annum L.). J. Agri. Veteri. Sci. 7: 27-32.
 Sivasakthivelan, P., & Saranraj, P. (2013). Azospirillum and its formulations: A Review. Int. J. Microbiol. Res. 4(3): 275-287.
 Tripti, K., & Anshumali, V. (2012). Phosphate solubilizing activity of some bacterial strains isolated from chemical pesticide exposed agricultural soil. Int. J. Eng. Res. Devl. 3(9): 01-06.
 Uma Maheswari, N., & Kalaiyarasi, M. (2015). Comparative study of liquid biofertilizer and carrier based biofertilizer on green leafy vegetables. Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Rev. Res. 33(1): 229-232.
 Viruel, E., Erazzu, L. E., Martinez Calsina, L., Ferrero, M. A., Lucca, M. E., & Sineriz, F. (2014). Inoculation of maize with phosphate solubilizing bacteria: effect on plant growth and yield. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nut. 14 (4): 819-831.
 Walpola, B. C., & Yoon, M. (2013). Phosphate solubilizing bacteria: Assessment of their effect on growth promotion and phosphorous uptake of Mung bean (Vigna radiate (L.) R. Wilczek). Chil. J. Agric. Res. 73: 275-281.
 Wellburn, A. R., & Lichtenthaler, H. (1984). In: Advances in photosynthesis research (ed. Sybesma) Martinus Nijhoff, Co. The Hague. pp. 9-12.
 Yadav, A. K., & Chandra, K. (2012). National Seminar on Organic and Biological Inputs-New Innovations and Quality Control, Published by National Centre of Organic Farming, DAC, Ghaziabad, pp 19-24.
 Yadav, A. K., & Chandra, K. (2014). Mass production and quality control of microbial inoculants. Proc. Indian Natn. Sci. Acad. 80(2): 483-489.
 Zargar, M. Y., Baba, Z. A., & Sofi, P. A. (2008). Effect of N, P and biofertilizers on yield and physico-chemical attributes of strawberry. Agro. Thesis, 6(1): 3-8.
Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)
|Total View: 25||Downloads: 10||Page No: 3229-3236|