Effect of Tillage and Mulch on Growth and Performance of Maize in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria

Effect of Tillage and Mulch on Growth and Performance of Maize in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria ( Vol-2,Issue-6,November - December 2017 )

Author: P.I Agber, J. Y. Akubo, Abagyeh S. O. I

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/2.6.15

Keyword: Tillage, mulch, maize, growth, and performance.

Abstract: Field experiments were conducted during the 2015 and 2016 cropping season at the Teaching and Research Farm of the University of Agriculture Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria to evaluate the effect of different tillage systems and mulch application on the growth and performance of maize. Four tillage systems (minimum tillage, flat bed, ridge tillage and no tillage) and mulch at two levels (mulched and unmulched) were used. Data was recorded on plant height (cm), leaf area (cm2) of maize, dry cob length (cm), dry cob width (cm) 1000-grain weight (g) and grain yield (t ha-1). Tillage methods significantly affected maize growth. The maximum plant height (178.8cm) leaf area (487.0cm) 1000-grain weight (0.2500g) and grain yield (1.4g) were observed in ridged tillage while no tillage as compared to minimum tillage and flat bed. Mulch significantly affected the growth of maize. The maximum values of plant height (144.5cm), leaf area (411.0cm) dry cob length (cm) (11.16cm), dry cob width (10. 52cm), 1000-grain weight (0.1717g) and grain yield (0.90 tons/ha) were obtained when mulch was applied compared to the unmulched plots. There was no significant difference between the interaction of tillage and mulch. Ridged tillage × mulch produced the best result on maize performance


[1] Adaikwu, A. O., M. E. Obi and A. Ali (2012).Assessment of degradation Status of Soils in Selected areas of Benue State, Southern Guinea Savanna of Nigeria.Nigerian Journal of soil science. 22(1): 171-180..
[2] Boomsma C.R., Santini J.B., West T.D., Brewer J.C., McIntyre L.M., Vyn T.J. (2010): Maize grain yield responses to plant height variability resulting from crop rotation and tillage system in long-term experiment. Soil and Tillage Research, 106: 227–240
[3] Bouyoucos, G. H. (1951). A Recalibration of the Hydrometer Method for Making Mechanical Analysis of soil.Agronomy Journal. 43:434-438.
[4] Bristow, K. L (1988), the role of mulch and its architecture in modifying soil temperature. Australian Journal of soil research. 26, 269-280.
[5] Holland, J. M. (2004). The environmental consequences of adopting conservation tillage in Europe: Reviewing evidence. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, 103: 1-25.
[6] Karunatilake, U., H.M. van Es and R.R. Schindelbeck. 2000. Soil and maize response to plow and no-tillage after alfalfa-to-maize conversion on a clay loam soil in New York. Soil and Tillage Res., 55(1-2): 31-42.
[7] Kayode and Ademiluyi, B (2004). Effects of tillage methods on weed control and maize performance in southwestern Nigeria location, Journal of sustainable Agriculture 23(3).39-45
[8] Liv, J., S.A. Xu, Zhou, G. Y. and H.H. Lu, (2002).effects of transplanting multicropping spring maize with plastic film mulching on the ecological effect of, plant growth and grain yield, Agric. Coll., 2: 100 - 102
[9] Mastana, P S, (1988) “Effect of crop residue management practices on nitrogen balance in water eroded cultivated lend, M.Sc. thesis, Punjab agricultural university, Ludhiana, India.
[10] Mebra, O.P and M.I Jackson (1960). Iron oxide removal from soils and clays by a dithionate-citrate system buffered with sodium bi carbonate. Proceedings of 7th National Conference on clays and clay minerals pp 317-327.Peragon press, New York.
[11] Metson, A. J. (1961). Methods of Chemical Analysis for Soil Survey Samples.New Zealand DSIR Soil Bulletin 12. Government Printer, Wellington New Zealand. 84 pp.
[12] Odofin, A. J. (2005). Effects of no-tillage with mulch on soil moisture condition, penetration resistance and maize performance in Minna area of Nigeria’s southern guinea savanna. Nigerian Journal of Soil Science, 15(2):1-8.

[13] Robertson, E. B., S. Sarig and M.K. Firestore 1991.Cover crop management of polysaccharide – mediated aggregation in an orchard.Soil Science Society of American Journal.55:734 – 739.
[14] Tokatlidis I.S., Koutroubas S.D. (2004): A review of maize hybrids’ dependence on high plant populations and its implications for crop yield stability. Field Crops Research, 88: 103–114.
[15] Tolk, J.A., T.A Howell and S.R. Evert, (1999), Effect of mulch, irrigation and soil type on water use and yield of maize soil Tillage, Pp; 50: 137-147
[16] Videnovic, Z., Simic, M., Srdic. J. and Dumanovic, Z. (2011). Long term effects of different soil tillage systems on maize (Zea mays L) yields. Plant soil and Environment. 57(4):186-192.
[17] Walkley, J. T. and C. A. Black (1934).An examination of the Degtjarefft method of Determining the Organic Matter and a proposed Modification of the chronic acid Titration Method.Soil Science 37: 29-88.
[18] Yonghe, Z. (1994), study on the impact of plastic mulch on selected crop agroecosystems in yunna province peoples; republic of china, philipinesuniv, los banos, college, laguna (philipines), university library, university of the philipines at los banos, benquet state university, la Trinidad, Bequet 2601, philipines.

Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)

Total View: 144 Downloads: 16 Page No: 2889-2896