Evaluation of soybean lines for resistance to rust (phakopsorapachyrhizi)

Evaluation of soybean lines for resistance to rust (phakopsorapachyrhizi) ( Vol-3,Issue-2,March - April 2018 )

Author: N. D. Pajo, T. Vange, P. A. Kortse

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/3.2.20

Keyword: Genotype, rust resistance, yield component, grain yield, genotype x environment Interaction (GEI).

Abstract: Among the diseases that can reduce soybean production is rust disease caused by the fungus Phakopsorapachyrhizi. The aim is to evaluate the resistance of soybean genotypes to rust disease and to study there interactions between agronomic traits. The study was conducted at field and screen house in the University of Agriculture Makurdibetween julyto november2016. A total of 10 soybean genotypes were evaluated for resistance to rust disease. After inoculation in the laboratory, three lines TGX-1835-10E, TGX-1987-10F and TGX1945-4F showed a consistent moderate resistance to Phakopsorapachyrhizi. These soybeanGenotypeowered earlier and had the highest seed yield per plant (799.51kg/ha, 766.75K g/ha and 742.63 respectively). In contrast, the lines TGX-1949-10F and TGX-1485-1D which is the control , flowered at about 43 days after planting, had seed yield per plant of (404.30 and 254.23kg/ha, respectively),these lines had significantly lower yield and susceptible to rust. In the field, four lines had seed weight per plant significantly heavier than TGX-1949-10F and TGX-1485-1D, namely TGX-1835-10E, TGX-1987-10F, TGX-1904-6F and TGX-1945-4E and using a polygon view, the best performing lines were visualized as TGX-1987-10F was best in Environments one and TGX-1835-10E in two.Base on average environment coordination (AEC) procedure, TGX-1945-1F and TGX-1945-4E had yields above the grand means and stable while TGX-1945-4F and TGX-1935-3F were identified with high but unstable yield, the soybean lines with heavier seed weight per plant should potentially serve as genetic material to develop high yielding soybean varieties and resistant to rust disease.


[1] Abayomi YA, AdulojuMO, and MahamoodJ (2009). Evaluation of soybean [Glycinemax(L) Merrill]genotypes for adaptability to a southern Guineasavanna environment with and without P fertilizerapplication in north central Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 4 (6), pp. 556-563.
[2] Adeleke RA,Asafo-Adjei B,TwizeyimanaM, Ojiambo PS, Paul C, Hartman GL,Dashiell K, and Bandyopadhyay R. (2006).Breeding for rust resistance in soybean at theInternational Institute of Tropical Agriculture,Nigeria.
[3] Bromfield KR,(1984). Soybean Rust. Monogr. No. 11. American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN. . Virulence and aggressiveness of Phakopsorapachyrhizi isolates causing soybean rust. Phytopathology 70:17-21.
[4] Eberhart SA, Russell WA,(1966). Stability parameters for comparing varieties. Crop Sci. 6:36-40. 41:656-663.
[5] Finlay KW, Wilkinson GN,(1963). The analysis of adaptation in a plant-breeding program. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 14:742-754.
[6] Isard SA, Gage SH, Comtois P, Russo JM. (2005). Principles of the atmospheric pathway for invasive species applied to soybean rust. Bio Sci 55 (10): 851-861.
[7] Jandong EA, Uguru MI, Oyiga BC (2011).Determination of yield stability of seven soybean (Glycine max) genotypes across diverse soil pH levels using GGE biplot analysis. J. Appl. Biosci. 43:2924-2941.
[8] KitaniK, and Inoue Y. (1960). Studies on the soybean rust and its control measure. Part 1. Studies on the soybean rust. Shikoku Agric. Exp. Stn. (Zentsuji, Japan) Bull. No. 5:319. 18.
[9] Kumudini S, Godoy CV, Board JE, Omielan J, Tollenaar M. (2008). Mechanisms involved in soybean rust-induced yield reduction. Crop Sci 48: 2334-2342.
[10] Malik MFA, Ashraf M, Qureshi AS, Ghafoor A. (2007). Assessment of genetic variability, correlation and path analyses for yield and its components in soybean. Pak J Bot 39 (2): 405-413
[11] Maphosa M, Talwan H, Tukamuhabwa P. (2013). Assessment of comparative virulence and resistance in soybean using field isolates of soybean rust. J AgricSci 5 (5): 249-257.
[12] Ojo, GOS, Bello, LL. and Adeyemo, MO. (2010). Genotypic variation for acid stress tolerance in soybean in the humid rain forest acid soil of south Eastern Nigeria. Journal of Applied Biosciences 36:2360 – 2366.
[13] Ojo GOS, Adoba A, Anule T, (2013).Variation in Grain Yield and Other Agronomic Traits in Soybean Evaluated at Makurdi (Southern Guinea Savanna Ecology), Nigeria. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 3: 2224-3208
[14] Oz M, Karasu A, Goksoy AT, Turan ZM. (2009). Interrelationship of agronomical characteristic in soybean (Glycine max) grown in different environments. Intr J AgricBiol 11: 85-88.
[15] Pham TA, Hill CB, Miles MR, Nguyen BT, Vu TT, Vuong TD, VanToai TT, Nguyen HT, Hartman GL. (2010). Evaluation of soybean for resistance to soybean rust in Vietnam. Field Crop Res 117: 131-138.
[16] Piepho, H. P. (1996). Analysis of genotype-by environment interaction and phenotypic stability. Pages 151-174.
[17] Gabriel KR,(1971). The biplot graphic display of matrices with application to principal component analysis. Biometrika 58:453-467.
[18] Hartman GL, Bonde MR, Miles MR, Frederick RD, (2004). Variation of Phakopsorapachyrhizi isolates on soybean. Pages 440-446 in: Proc. VII World Soybean Res.
[19] Hartman GL, Miles MR, FrederickRD. (2005). Breeding for resistance to soybean rust. Plant Dis. 89:664-666.
[20] Levy C. (2005). Epidemiology and chemical control of soybean rust in Southern Africa. journal of PlantDisease. 89:669-674.
[21] Sulistyo A, Sumartini. (2016). Evaluation of soybean genotypes for resistance to rust disease (Phakopsorapachyrhizi). Biodiversitas 17: 124-128.
[22] Tschanz AT, WangTC.(1980). Soybean rust development and apparent infection rates at five locations in Taiwan. Protection Ecology 2: 247-250.
[23] Twizeyimana M, Ojiambo PS, Ikotun T, Paul C, Hartman GL, Bandyopadhyay R. (2007). Comparison of field, greenhouse, and detached-leaf evaluation of soybean germplasm for resistance to Phakopsorapachyrhizi. Plant Dis 91 (9): 1161-1169.
[24] TwizeyimanaM,Ojiambo PS, Ikotun T, Ladipo JL, Hartman GL, and Bandyopadhyay R. (2008). Evaluation of soybean germplasm for resistance to soybean rust (Phakopsorapachyrhizi) in Nigeria. Plant Dis. 92:947-952.
[25] Valencia-Ramirez RA, Ligarreto-Moreno GA. (2012). Phenotypic correlation and path analysis for yield in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merril). ActaAgron 61 (4): 322-332.
[26] Yan W, Cornelius PL, Crossa J, and Hunt LA.( 2001). Two types of GGE biplot for analyzing multi-environment trial data. Crop Sci. 41:656-663.
[27] Yan W, Kang MS, Ma B, Wood S, Cornelius PL (2007). GGE biplot vs. AMMI analysis of genotype-by-environment data. Crop Sci. 47:643-655

Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)

Total View: 49 Downloads: 5 Page No: 469-476