Exploration and Identification of Spermatophyta Plants Division that are potentially can be used for Medicine at Evergreen Forest taman Nasional Baluran Indonesia

Exploration and Identification of Spermatophyta Plants Division that are potentially can be used for Medicine at Evergreen Forest taman Nasional Baluran Indonesia ( Vol-2,Issue-5,September - October 2017 )

Author: Joko Waluyo, Dwi Wahyuni, Pujiastuti, Nuri, Wiwien Suqih Utami

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/2.5.4

Keyword: identification, Medicinal plants, Spermatophyta Divison, Evergreen Forest.

Abstract: Indonesia is a country that has so many various floras. Nowadays Indonesia has more than 300.000 kinds of floras. More than 8000 kinds of plant belongto medicinal plants.WHO (World Health Organization) has stated about 80% of the population is still dependent on medicinal plants. Based on theAgriculture Ministry of Indonesia, the potential of medicine sales from 2010 to 2015 continues to increase. This is caused by the demand for medicine in 2010 reached 10 trillion rupiah. In 2015 is estimated to reach 20 trillion. Based on the Ministry of Agriculture (2007), traditional medicinal plants are not worth as much as the value of medicinal drugs, but the high value in demand for traditional medicine increases the value of traditional medicine sales from 2 trillion rupiah in 2003 to 7.2 trillion rupiah.The high number of needs is not equalwith the production capacity of medicinal plants. This is showedif Indonesia still importing medicinal materials with considerable value whereas in Indonesia hasso many medicinal materials especially from tropical forests of Indonesia.The absence of utilization of Indonesia's tropical forests is one of the factorsto do the research entitledExplorationand Identification of Spermatophyte Plants DivisionThat Are Potentially Can Be Usefor Medicineat Evergreen Forest Taman NasionalBaluran Indonesia. This Research conducted by using transect line method along the 100 meters enter the forest from the edge of the forest. The results from the exploration are found 22 types of medicinal plants which are included in 12 families and all of the medicinal plants can be use formedicine. The parts of the plants that can be utilized as a medicine are roots, leaves, flowers and even bark. From the parts of the medicinal plant leafs are the most potential parts for medicine. There are some various ways in utilizing medicinal plants starting with boiled, chewed, crushed and even mixed with other ingredients.

References:

[1] Ahmad A, Hanapi U dan firdaus Z. 2010. Isolasi Metabolit Sekunder Dari Fraksi Ekstrak Etil Asetat Daun Melochia umbellate Yang Aktif Terhadap Larva Udang Artemia Salina Leach. Indonesia chemica acta.
[2] Bartolome, A.P., Irene, M.V., dan Wen-Chin Yang. 2013. Biden pilosa L. (asteraceae): Botanical Properties, Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry, and Pharmacology. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.
[3] Bendra, Atika. 2012. Uji Aktivitas Antioksidan Ekstrak Daun Premna oblongata Dengan Metode DPPH dan Identifikasi Golongan Senyawa Kimia Dari Fraksi Teraktif. Skripsi. Depok: Universitas Indonesia.
[4] Departemen Pertanian. 2007. ProspekdanArah Pengembangan Agribisnis Tanaman Obat Edisi Kedua. Jakarta: Departemen Pertanian.
[5] Fernquest, Jon. 2012. WildMedicinal Plants Paper(www.bangkokpost.com) [diunduh tanggal 19 Desember 2015].
[6] Ghosh D., Thejomoorthy P., Veluchamy. 1983. Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of oleanolic acid 3-/3- Glucoside (RDG-1) from Randia dumetorum (Rubiaceae). Indian J. Pharmacol. Vol 4. Hal 31-340.
[7] Gusmailina, dan Sri Komarayati. 2015. Eksplorasi potensi senyawa organik kayu ular (Strychnos lucida) sebagai sumber biofarmaka. Pros sem nas masy biodiv indon. Vol I (7). ISSN: 2407-8050. Hal 1741-1746.
[8] Hidayat, S., dan Rodame, M.N. 2015. Kitab Tumbuhan Obat. Jakarta: AgriFlo (Penebar Swadaya Group).
[9] Imaniyah, Nurul. 2014. Tahongai Tanaman Khas Kalimantan Timur. (www.academia.edu) [diunduh tanggal 20 Desember 2015].
[10] Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup. 2014. Peluncuran Buku Status Kekinian Keanekaragam Hayati Indonesia.http://.Menlh.go.id/peluncuranbuku-status-kekinian-keanekaragan-hayati-Indonesia/. [Diaksestanggal 27 April 2015].
[11] Kompas. 2010. Keanekaragaman Hayati. Optimalkan Potensi 1 Triliun Dollar AS.http://nasional.kompas.com/read/2010/07/29/213361762/Optimalkan.Potensi.1.triliun.Dollar.AS. Diaksestanggal [27 April 2015].
[12] Nasution, RE dan Ong, HC. 2015. Fibre plants(http://www.proseanet.org/) [diunduh tanggal 20 Desember 2015].
[13] Nugroho, 2015. Manfaat dan Khasiat Buah Langsat. (www.http://nurhidayat.lecture.ub.ac.id/) [Diunduh tanggal 19 Desember 2015].
[14] Oken, 2015. Kesambi. (www.warintek.ristek.go.id) [diunduh tanggal 20 Desember 2015].
[15] Rahmawaty. 2004. Study Keanekaragaman Mesofauna Tanah di Kawasan Hutan Wisata Alam Sibolangit. Skripsi. Sumatera Utara: Program StudiManajemenHutan, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara.
[16] Rivera, D., Inocencio C., Obon C dkk. 2003. Review Of Food and Medicinal uses Of Capparis L. Sub Genus Capparis (Capparaceae). Econ Bot.
[17] Samuel, J.K., dan B. Andrews. 2010. Traditional Medicinal Plant Wealth Of Pachalur And Periyur Hamlets Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu. Indian Journal Of Traditional Knowledge. Vol IX (2). Hal 264-270.
[18] Silalahi, Marina dkk. 2015. Local knowledge of medicinal plants in sub-ethnic Batak Simalungun of North Sumatra, Indonesia. Biodiversity. Vol XVI (1). ISSN: 1412-033X. Page 44-54.
[19] Singh, A. 2006. Compendia Of World’s Medicinal Flora. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
[20] Singh, Navneet K dkk. 2010. Randia spinosa (poir.): ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacology -a review. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research. Vol IV (1). ISSN 0976 – 044X.
[21] Singh, Suman, Neha Parmar dan Bhupesh Patel. 2015. A review on Shalparni (Desmodium gangeticumDC.) and Desmodium species (DesmodiumtriflorumDC. &Desmodium laxiflorumDC.) – Ethnomedicinal perspectives. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies. Vol III (4). ISSN 2320-3862. Hal 34-43.
[22] Setyowati, Francisca Murti. 2010. Etnofarmakologi Dan Pemakaian Tanaman ObatSukuDayak Tunjung DiKalimantanTimur. Media Litbang Kesehatan. Vol XXV (3).
[23] Sumi, W., K.N. Ting., T.J. Kho., dan K.H. Lim. 2011. Antibacterial And Antioxidant Activities Of Synedrella nudiflora (L) Gaertn. (Asteraceae). Journal Of Complementary And Integrative Medicine. Vol VIII (1). Hal 1-13.
[24] Taweechaisupapong, Suwemol. Role of Streblus asperin Systemic and Oral Health: An Overview. Review article. Khon Kaen University, Amphur Muaeng, Khon Kaen Thailand.Uawonggul, Nunthawun dkk. 2005. Screening of plants acting againstHeterometrus laoticus scorpion venom activity on fibroblast cell lysis. Online Journal.
[25] Tukiran., Prima A, Suyatno dan Kuniyoshi S. 2008. A Long Chain Alcohol And Two Sterol Compounds From The Hexane Extract Of Stem Bark Of Aglaia Odorata Lour. (Meliaceae). Indo J Chem. Vol VIII (3). Hal 431-436.
[26] Valkenburg, Van J.L.C.H. and Bunyapraphatsara, N. 2015. Medicinal and poisonous plants 2(http://www.proseanet.org/) [diunduh tanggal 19 Desember 2015].
[27] Winarno M., dan Dian Sundari. 2010. Uji Toksisitas Sub Kronik Ekstrak Daun Kembang Sungsang (Gloriosa superba L.) Terhadap Fungsi Ginjal Tikus Putih. Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan. Vol XXXVIII (4). Hal 186-191.
[28] Yuliani, S. 2013. Chapter II Deskripsi Tanaman Tembelekan. (www.repository.usu.ac.id) [diunduh tanggal 20 Desember 2015].

Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)

Total View: 67 Downloads: 13 Page No: 2303-2308