Geochemical Partitioning of Some Heavy Metals in Bottom Sediment of River Delimi in Jos, Nigeria

Geochemical Partitioning of Some Heavy Metals in Bottom Sediment of River Delimi in Jos, Nigeria ( Vol-3,Issue-3,May - June 2018 )

Author: Sabo A., Gani A. M., Ibrahim A. Q.

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/3.3.23

Keyword: Bioavailability, Heavy metals, Partitioning, Sediment, Toxicity.

Abstract: The determination of total metal content is usually insufficient to fully assess the environmental impacts of contaminated sediments. In order to differentiate metals of lithogenic from those of anthropogenic origin and assess their bioavailability and potential toxicity, detail information on their partitioning to various geochemical fractions of the sediment is necessary. In recent times there has been a lot of concern on the rate at which River Delimi ecosystem deteriorate as it passes through Jos city. This study was aimed at determining the geochemical partitioning of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn in River Delimi sediment with a view to determining the extent to which they might be remobilized and affect the quality of the river ecosystem. The study was conducted at three sites along River Delimi and one control site at Lamingo Dam all within Jos city. The total metals content in sediment were extracted using aqua-regia. A five-step sequential extraction procedure was used to determine the partitioning of the metals into different geochemical fractions of the sediment. The metals extracted were determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). The total metals content in sediment were generally higher at the study compared to the control site. The mean values of Cd in sediment (1.330mg/kg, 1.515mg/kg, 1.301mg/kg and 0.900mg/kg) respectively for stations I, II, III and IV were all above the limit of 0.68mg/kg recommended by USEPA. Sediment samples obtained from River Delimi had more metals associated with the non-residual fractions compared to those from Lamingo Dam. The high amount of these metals recovered in non – residual fractions mean that the metals are in potentially available forms and could pose a serious threat to the river ecosystem. Measures should therefore be put in place by the relevant authorities to curtail indiscriminate dumping of domestic and industrials wastes into the river.

References:

[1] A. Demirak, F. Yilmaz, A. L. Tuna, and N. Ozdemir, (2006). Heavy metals in water, sediment and tissues of Leuciscus cephalus from a stream in southwestern Turkey. Chemosphere 63. 1451–1458
[2] A. Barona, I. Aranguiz and A. Elias, (1999). Assessment of metal extraction, distribution and contamination in surface soils by a 3-step sequential extraction procedure. Chemosphere 39, 1911–1922
[3] K. P. Shajank. (2001). Geochemistry of bottom sediments from a river-estuary-shelf mixing zone on the tropical southwest coast of India. Bull. Geol. Surv. Japan 52(8) 371-382
[4] C. Izquierdo, J. Usero and I. Gracia, (1997). Speciation of heavy metals in sediments from salt marshes on the southern Atlantic coast of Spain. Mar Pollut Bull 34: 123–128.
[5] G.S.R. Krishnamurti, P. M. Huang, K. C. J. Van Rees, L. M. Kozak and H. P. W. Rostad, (1995). Speciation of particulate bound Cd of soils and its bioavailability. Analyst 120, 659–665.
[6] [6] D. C. Njoku and I. R. Keke (2003). A Comparative Study on Water Quality Criteria of Delimi River in Jos, Plateau State of Nigeria. ASSET Series A. 3 (4):143-153

[7] O. Chukwu, (2005). Development of predictive models for evaluating environmental impacts of the food processing industry: Case study of Nasko Foods Nigeria Limited and Cadbury Nigeria Plc. Unpublished PhD Thesis, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger State, Nigeria
[8] L.E. Brewin, A. Mehra, P.T. Lynch and M.E. Farago (2003). Mechanism of copper tolerance in Armenia maritime in Dolfwynog Bog, North Wales – Initial studies. Environmental Geochemistry and Health. Vol. 25 No.1
[9] A. Tessier, P.G.C. Campbell and M. Bisson (1979). Sequential extraction procedure for the speciation of trace metals.Anal. Chem.51, 844–851.
[10] W.U. Anake, G.U. Adie and O. Osibanjo (2009). Heavy metals pollution at municipal solid waste dumpsites in Kano and Kaduna States in Nigeria. Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop., 23(1), 281-289.
[11] A.A. Audu and A.O. Lawal, (2005). Variation in metal contents of plants in vegetable gardens sites in Kano metropolis. J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage. 10: 105-109.
[12] A. Singh, R.K. Sharma, M. Agrawal and F.A. Marshal, (2010). Risk assessment of heavy metal toxicity through contaminated vegetables from waste water irrigated area of Varanasi, India. Tropical Ecology 51(2S): 375-387.
[13] H.J. Albering, J.P. Ril, E.J.C. Moonen, J.A. Hoogweff and J.C.S. Klenjans, (1999). Human Health Risk Assessment in Relation to Environmental Pollution of Two Artificial Fresh Water Lakes in The Netherlands. Environ. Health Perspectives, 107: 27-35.
[14] USEPA, (1996). Report: recent Developments for In Situ Treatment of Metals contaminated Soils, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
[15] P.G. Prusty, K.C. Sahu and G. Godgull, (1994). Metal contamination due to milling activities at the Zawar Zinc mine site Rajaskhan, India. I. Contamination of stream sediment. Chemical Geology 112: 275 – 291

Total View: 111 Downloads: 15 Page No: 0875-0881


Cite this Article:

MLA

Sabo A., Gani A. M., Ibrahim A. Q. et al."Geochemical Partitioning of Some Heavy Metals in Bottom Sediment of River Delimi in Jos, Nigeria". International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878),vol 3, no. 3, 2018, pp.0875-0881 AI Publications doi:10.22161/ijeab/3.3.23

APA

Sabo A., Gani A. M., Ibrahim A. Q., P.(2018).Geochemical Partitioning of Some Heavy Metals in Bottom Sediment of River Delimi in Jos, Nigeria. International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).3(3), 0875-0881.10.22161/ijeab/3.3.23

Chicago

Sabo A., Gani A. M., Ibrahim A. Q., P.(2018).Geochemical Partitioning of Some Heavy Metals in Bottom Sediment of River Delimi in Jos, Nigeria. International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).3(3), pp.0875-0881.

Harvard

Sabo A., Gani A. M., Ibrahim A. Q.. 2018."Geochemical Partitioning of Some Heavy Metals in Bottom Sediment of River Delimi in Jos, Nigeria". International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).3(3):0875-0881.Doi:10.22161/ijeab/3.3.23

IEEE

Sabo A., Gani A. M., Ibrahim A. Q.."Geochemical Partitioning of Some Heavy Metals in Bottom Sediment of River Delimi in Jos, Nigeria", International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology,vol.3,no. 3, pp.0875-0881,2018.

Bibtex

@article { saboa.2018geochemical,
title={Geochemical Partitioning of Some Heavy Metals in Bottom Sediment of River Delimi in Jos, Nigeria},
author={Sabo A., Gani A. M., Ibrahim A. Q. , R},
journal={International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology},
volume={3},
year= {2018} ,
}