Nutritional and Bread-Making Quality of Wheat as Influenced by Mineral Fertilization in a Compost-Amended Regosol soil ( Vol-2,Issue-6,November - December 2017 )
Author: Mohammad Safar Noori, Hirofume Saneoka
Keyword: Crude protein, Gluten, NPK, Pentosan, Phytate P, Wheat.
Abstract: This experiment was conducted to assess the effect of different levels of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) fertilization on growth, grain yield, nutritional and bread-making quality of wheat in a compost-amended regosol soil. Wheat cultivar Minaminokaori was grown in containers containing a mixture of regosol and aerobic compost (2:1 v/v). This study comprised a non-fertilized control (F1) and six levels of NPK fertilizers: F2 (80 kg N + 40 kg P2O5 +40 kg K2O ha-1), F3 (110 kg N + 60 kg P2O5 + 55 kg K2O ha-1), F4 (140 kg N + 80 kg P2O5 + 70 kg K2O ha-1), F5 (170 kg N + 100 kg P2O5 + 85 kg K2O ha-1), F6 (200 kg N + 120 kg P2O5 + 100 kg K2O ha-1) and F7 (230 kg N + 140 kg P2O5 + 115 K2O kg ha-1). A significant improvement in agronomic performance, grain nutritional and bread-making quality of wheat was observed with the F6 treatment, it increased the grain yield (151.6%), crude protein (65.3%), water-soluble pentosan (40.5%), and dry gluten (4-fold) compared to the control. The F6 treatment also increased grain total N, P, K, Mg, Ca, Zn and inorganic phosphorus contents by 65.2, 33.6, 8.9, 19.7, 165.9, 26.1 and 80.0%, respectively, compared to control. However, it slightly increased grain phytate P content. The results from this study suggest that agronomic performance, grain yield, nutritional and bread-making quality of wheat can be improved with an appropriate dose of NPK in a compost-amended regosol soil.
 Abedi, T., A. Alemzadeh, Kazemeini S. A. (2011). Wheat yield and grain protein response to Nitrogen amount and timing. Aust. J. Crop Sci., 5: 330-336.
 Akhtar, M., A. Naeem, J. Akhter, S. A. Bokhari, Ishaque W. (2011). Improvement in nutrient uptake and yield of wheat by combined use of urea and compost. Soil Environ, 30: 45-49.
 Al–Abdul Salam, M. A. (1997). Influence of nitrogen fertilization rates and residual effect of organic manure rates on the growth and yield of wheat. Arab Gulf J. Sci. Res., 15: 647–60.
 Alam, M. R., M. Akkas Ali, M.S.H. Molla, M. A. Momin, Mannan M. A. (2009). Evaluation of different levels of K on yield and protein content of wheat in the high Ganges river floodplain soil. Bangladesh J. Agril. Res. 34: 97-104.
 Alam, M. Z., S. A. Haider, Paul N. K. (2007). Yield and yield components of Barley (Hordium vulgare L.) cultivars in relation to N fertilizer. J. Applied Sci. Res., 3: 1022-1026.
 Alam, S. M., Azam S., Ali S., Iqbal M., (2003). Wheat yield and P fertilizer efficiency as influenced by rate and integrated use of chemical and organic fertilizers. Pak. J. Soil Sci., 22: 72-76.
 Ali, R. and Yasin M. (1991). Response of wheat to N and phosphorus fertilization. Pakistan J. Agri. Res., 12: 130–3.
 Ascher, J.S., R.D. Graham, D.E. Elliott, J.M. Scott, Jessop R. S. (1994). Agronomic value of seed with high nutrient content. In D.A Saunders and G.P. Hettel, eds. Wheat in heat-stressed environments: irrigated, dry area and rice-wheat farming systems. CIMMYT, Mexico.
 Asghar, A. A. Ali, W. H. Syed, M. Asif, T. Khaliq, Abid A. (2010). Growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.) cultivars affected by NPK application in different proportion. Pak. J. Sci., 62: 211-216.
 Benin, G., Elesandro Bornhofen, Eduardo Beche, Eduardo Stefani Pagliosa, Cristiano Lemes da Silva, Pinnow C. (2102). Agronomic performance of wheat cultivars in response to nitrogen fertilization levels. Acta. Sci., Agron., 34: 275-283.
 Chen, P.S., T.Y. Toribara, Warner H. (1956). Microdetermination of phosphorus. Anal Chem., 28: 1756–1756.
 Courtin, C. M., Delcour, J. A. (2002) Arabinoxylans and endoxylanases in wheat flour bread-making. J. Cereal Sci., 35: 225-243.
 Crista, F., Isidora Radulovi, Florin Sala, Laura Crista, Berbecea A. (2012). Influence of NPK fertilizer upon winter wheat grain quality. Res. J. Agric. Sci., 44: 30-35.
 Fujihara, S., H. Sasaki, Aoyagi Y., Sugahara T. (2008). Nitrogen-to-protein conversion factors for some cereal products in Japan. J Food Sci., 73: 204-209.
 Garg, B. K., Burman U., Kathju S. (2004). The influence of phosphorus nutrition on the physiological response of mothbean genotypes to drought. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci., 167: 503–508.
 Hashimoto, S., Shogren M. D., Pomeranz Y. (1986). Cereal pentosans: Their estimation and significance. I. Pentosans in wheat and milled wheat products. Cereal chem., 64: 30-34.
 Hlisnikovsky, L., Kunzova E. (2014). Effect of mineral and organic fertilizers on yield and technological parameters of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) on Illimerized Luvisol. Polish J. Agron., 17: 18–24
 Hussain, M. I., Shamshad H. Shah, Sajad Hussain, Iqbal K. (2002). Growth, Yield and Quality Response of Three Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Varieties to Different Levels of N, P and K. Int. J. Agri. Biol., 4: 361-364.
 Jelaca, S. L. and Hlynka I. (1971). Water-binding capacity of wheat flour crude pentosans and their relation to mixing characteristics of dough. Cereal Chem., 48: 211-222.
 Kausar, K., Muhammad Akbar, E. Rashad, Abid Nisar A. (1994). Physiological response of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium on growth and yield of wheat. Pak. J. Agric. Res., 14:126-130.
 Khursheed, M. Q., and Mahammad M. Q. (2015). Effect of Different Nitrogen Fertilizers on Growth and Yield of Wheat. Zanco J. Pure of Applied Sci., 27: 19-28
 Kindred, D. R., Tamara M. V., Richard W. M., Stuart S. J., Reginald C. A., James M. Brosnan, Sylvester-Bradleya R. (2008). Effects of variety and fertilizer nitrogen on alcohol yield, grain yield, starch and protein content, and protein composition of winter wheat. J. Cereal Sci., 48: 46–57.
 Laghari, G. M., F. C. Oad, S. D Tunio, A. W. Gandahi, M. H. Siddiqui, A. W. Jagirani, Oad S. M. (2010). Growth yield and nutrient uptake of various wheat cultivars under different fertilizer regimes. Sarhad J. Agric. 26: 489-497.
 Lopez, H. W., Leenhardt F., Coudray C., Remesy C. (2002). Minerals and phytic acid interactions: is it a real problem for human nutrition? Int J Food Sci Technol 37: 727–739.
 MacLeod, L. B. (1969). Effects of N, P, and K and Their Interactions on the Yield and Kernel Weight of Barley in Hydroponic Culture1. Agron. J., 61:26-29.
 Malghani, A. L., Asmat Ullah Malik, A. Sattarb, Fiaz Hussaina, G. Abbasc and J. Hussain, (2010). Response of growth and yield of wheat to NPK fertilizer. Sci. Int. (Lahore), 24:185-189
 Maqsood, M., Abid A. M., Iqbal A., Hussain M. I. (2001). Effect of variable rate of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth and yield of maize (golden). Online J. Biol. Sci. 1:19-20.
 Marschner, H. (1995). Mineral nutrition of higher plants, PP: 148-73. Academic press inc., San Diego. USA.
 Menger, A., (1976). Effect of raw materials and processing conditions on pasta quality. English Abs. From Getreide, -Mehl-und-Brot, 30: 149-155.
 Nag, A. (2016) Techniques in agricultural, Environmental and Food Engineering, 3rd ed. PHI learning private limited, Delhi- 110092, pp 39-41.
 Niamatullah, M., M. Khan, M. Q. Khan, M. Sadiq, K. U. Zaman, C.S. Hayat and S. Rehman, (2011). Impact of NPK application on the number of productive tillers and cost benefit analysis of wheat in Hill–Torrent irrigated area of D. I. Khan division, Khyber Pakhtoon Khwa. J. Anim. Plant Sci., 21: 211-214
 Nogueira, S. S. S., V. Nagai; N.R. Braga; M. Do C.S.S. Novo, Camargo M. B. P. (1994). Growth analysis of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Sci. agric., Piracicaba, 51:430-435,
 Raboy, V. and D. B. Dickinson (1984). Effect of phosphorus and zinc nutrition on soybean seed phytic acid and zinc. Plant Physiol., 75: 1094-1098.
 Raboy, V., (2001). Seeds for a better future: ‘Low phytate’ grains help to overcome malnutrition and reduce pollution. Trends in Plant Science 6: 458–462.
 Rosa M., G. Estepa, E. G. Hernandez and B. G. Villanova, 1999. Phytic acid content in milled cereal products and breads. Food Res. Int., 32, 217-221.
 Saha, S., Bholanath Saha, Sidhu Murmu, Sajal Pati, Partha Deb R. (2014). Grain yield and phosphorus uptake by wheat as influenced by long-term phosphorus fertilization. Afr. J. Agric. Res., 9: 607-612.
 Sameen, A., Abid Niaz, Anjum, F. M. (2002). Chemical Composition of Three Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Varieties as Affected by NPK Doses. Int. J. Agri. Biol., 4: 537-539.
 Sheoran, H. S., B. S. Duhan, K. S. Grewal, Sheoran S. (2015). Grain yield and NPK uptake of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) as influenced by nitrogen, vermicompost and herbicide (Clodinafop propargyl). Afr. J. Agric. Res., 10: 3952-3961.
 Shiferaw, B., M. Smale H. J. Braun, E. Duveiller, M. Reynolds, Muricho G. (2013). Crops that feed the world 10. Past successes and future challenges to the role played by wheat in global food security. Food Sec., 5:291–317.
 Wilhelm, W.W. (1998). Dry matter partitioning and leaf area of winter wheat grown in a long term fallow tillage comparison in U.S. Central Great Plans. Soil and Tillage Res., 49: 49–56.
 Wuest, S. B., Cassman K. G. (1992) Fertilizer-nitrogen use efficiency of irrigated wheat: II. Portioning efficiency of preplant versus late-season application. Agron. J., 84: 689-694.
 Ziadi, N., G. Belanger, A.N. Cambouris, N. Tremblay, M.C. Nolin and Claessens A. (2008). Relationship between phosphorus and nitrogen contents in spring wheat. Agron. J. 100: 80-86.
Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)
|Total View: 136||Downloads: 56||Page No: 3185-3191|