Performance of combined tillage equipment and it’s effect on soil properties

Performance of combined tillage equipment and it’s effect on soil properties ( Vol-3,Issue-3,May - June 2018 )

Author: Ayad J. ALkhafaji, Abdulaziz A. Almosawi, Kamal M. Alqazzaz

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/3.3.12

Keyword: combination ,tillage, soil, roughness, ripper , moldboard.

Abstract: An experiment was conducted to evaluate the performance of a locally manufactured combined tillage implement (moldboard plow + ripper) in one of the fields of the kufa university faculty of agriculture. The experiment was included two factors , the first factor is combing the ripper to mold board plow in five level these are fixing the combined ripper shanks while the shanks points oriented in two different levels with and opposite to the plowing direction , two levels of different ripper depths the same depth and 5 cm above the depth of mold board plow share and the fifth level is control treatment ( mold board plow alone ) .The second factor was the plowing operation speed at five levels (1.4, 2.0 , 3.6 and 4.7) Km.hr ̵ ¹ . the experiment was conducted as a factorial experiment with RCBD , the LSD test at 5 % was used to compare between means .The results of the research were showed that combining the locally manufactured ripper implement to mold board plow resulted in significant increase in the number of soil clods with the desired diameter (5-10 cm ) very low number of soil block with diameter larger than 10 cm , more even soil roughness and the actual productivity has not decreased to the extent that it affects the efficient performance of the tillage process compared to the use at the mold board plow alone .

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Cite this Article:

MLA

Ayad J. ALkhafaji, Abdulaziz A. Almosawi, Kamal M. Alqazzaz et al."Performance of combined tillage equipment and it’s effect on soil properties". International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878),vol 3, no. 3, 2018, pp.0799-0805 AI Publications doi:10.22161/ijeab/3.3.12

APA

Ayad J. ALkhafaji, Abdulaziz A. Almosawi, Kamal M. Alqazzaz, P.(2018).Performance of combined tillage equipment and it’s effect on soil properties. International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).3(3), 0799-0805.10.22161/ijeab/3.3.12

Chicago

Ayad J. ALkhafaji, Abdulaziz A. Almosawi, Kamal M. Alqazzaz, P.(2018).Performance of combined tillage equipment and it’s effect on soil properties. International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).3(3), pp.0799-0805.

Harvard

Ayad J. ALkhafaji, Abdulaziz A. Almosawi, Kamal M. Alqazzaz. 2018."Performance of combined tillage equipment and it’s effect on soil properties". International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).3(3):0799-0805.Doi:10.22161/ijeab/3.3.12

IEEE

Ayad J. ALkhafaji, Abdulaziz A. Almosawi, Kamal M. Alqazzaz."Performance of combined tillage equipment and it’s effect on soil properties", International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology,vol.3,no. 3, pp.0799-0805,2018.

Bibtex

@article { ayadj.alkhafaji2018performance,
title={Performance of combined tillage equipment and it’s effect on soil properties},
author={Ayad J. ALkhafaji, Abdulaziz A. Almosawi, Kamal M. Alqazzaz , R},
journal={International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology},
volume={3},
year= {2018} ,
}