Performance of Some Soybean Genotypes (Glycine max L.) to Germination and Seedling Characters as Affected by Planting Dates and Phosphorus Fertilization

Performance of Some Soybean Genotypes (Glycine max L.) to Germination and Seedling Characters as Affected by Planting Dates and Phosphorus Fertilization ( Vol-2,Issue-6,November - December 2017 )

Author: Kandil A.A., A.E. Sharief, A.N. Ramadan

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/2.6.54

Keyword: Soybean cultivars, planting dates, phosphorus fertilization rates, seed germination characters and seedling parameters.

Abstract: To investigate the performance of some sunflower genotypes to phosphorus fertilizer rates and planting dates to germination characters and seedling parameters. A laboratory experiment accompanied in seed lab during April and May 2017.The experiments included six sowing dates at 1th May, 15th May and 31th May, three soybean cultivars namely Crawford, Giza 22 and Giza 111 and three rates of phosphorus fertilizer viz. 0, 37.2 and 74.4 kg P2O5/ha.The tallest shoot, great percentages of germination, the lowermostpercentagesof dead seedand the highestcoefficient of velocitypercentage from sown on mid-May. In addition, the lowest days of germination time was produced from sown on first May. Whereas, the tallest root, the highest weight of fresh shoot and root as well as shoot dry weight from sown on end-May.The results clearly revealed that the highest percentage of germination, soot length and root length obtained from sown cv. Giza 111. The uppermostenergy of germination, shoot and root dry weight were recorded from sown Giza 22 cultivar. In addition, sown Crawford cultivar produced the highestdead seedpercentage and the lowest mean germination time.The results indicated that the lowest mean germination time and maximum percentage of coefficient of velocity, tallest shoot and root, weight of fresh shoot, shoot and dry root were obtained fromfertilizationof phosphate at the rate of31 kgP2O5/fed. It summarized that seed Giza 111 cultivar recorded the best in seed viability when sown on first May and fertilized with phosphorus fertilizer at the rate of 74.4 kg P2O5/ha.


[1] Abdel-Baki, A. A. and J. D. Anderson 1973.Viability and leaching of sugars from germinating barley. Crops Sci., 10: 31 – 34.
[2] Ellis, R.A. and E.H. Roberts 1981. The quantification of ageing and survival in orthodox seeds. Seed Sci. Technol., 9: 373-409.
[3] Gomez, K.A. and A.A. Gomez 1991.Statistical Procedures in Agricultural Research, John Wiley and Sons, New York.
[4] Islam, M.M. and M. A. Karim 2010. Evaluation of Rice Oryza sativa L. genotypes at germination and early seedling stage for their tolerance to salinity. The Agric., 8 (2): 57 – 65.
[5] ISTA Rules 2016.International seed testing association. ISTA Germination Sec. Chapter 19: pp. 19 – 41.
[6] Kandil A.A., A.E. Sharief and Kh. R. Ahmed 2015. Performance of some soybean Glycine max (L.) Merrill. Cultivars under salinity stress to germination characters. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research (IJAAR). 6(3): 48-56.
[7] Kandil A.A., A.E. Sharief and M.S Sheteiwy 2013. Seedling Parameters of Soybean Cultivars as Influenced with Seed Storage Periods, Conditions and Materials. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences, 5(1): 330-338.
[8] Karim, M.A., N. Utsunomiya and S. Shigenaga 1992. Effect of sodium chloride on germination and growth of hexaploid triticale at early seedling stage. Japanese Journal of Crop Science,61: 279 – 284.
[9] Krueger, K., A. S. Goggi, A. P. Mallarino and R. E. Mullen 2013. Phosphorus and Potassium Fertilization Effects on Soybean Seed Quality and Composition. Crop Science, 53(2): 602-610. DOI: 10.2135/cropsci2012.06.0372.
[10] Kundu, P. K., T. S. Roy, Md. S. H. Khan, K. Parvin4 and H. E. M. K. Mazed 2016. Effect of Sowing Date on Yield and Seed Quality of Soybean. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International, 9(4): 1-7.DOI : 10.9734/JAERI/2016/29301
[11] Rahman, M. M., Hampton, J. G. and Hill, M. J. 2005. Soybean seed yield as affected by time of sowing in a cool temperature environment. Seed Science and Technology, 7: 1-15.
[12] Rahman, M. M., M. M. Rahman and M. M. Hossain 2013. Effect of Sowing Date on Germination and Vigour of Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr) Seeds. The Agriculturists 11(1): 67-75.DOI:
[13] Ruan, S., Q,Xue and K.Tylkowska 2002. Effects of seed priming on germination and health of rice Oryza sativa L. seeds. Seed Science and Technology, 30: 451-458.
[14] Russell, D.F. 1986.MSTAT-C computer based data analysis software Crop andSoil Science Department, Michigan State University USA.
[15] Sawan, Z.M., A.H. Fahmy and S. E. Yousef 2011. Effect of potassium, zinc and phosphorus on seed yield, seed viability and seedling vigor of cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.). Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 57(1): 75-90.
[16] Snedecor GW and WG. Cochran 1980. Statistical Methods. 7ThEd. Iowa State University Press, Iowa, USA, ISBN-10: 0-81381560-6, Pp: 507.
[17] Vidyapeeth, M.P.K. 2002. Effect of sowing dates on seed yield, yield yield component characters and seed quality of soybean (Glycine max (l.) Merrill) in Kharif season. M. Sc. Thesis Department of Agricultural Botany, Ahmednagar Maharashtra, India.
[18] Waller R.A. and B.D. Duncan 1969. A bays rule for the symmetric multiple comparison problem. J. Amer. Assoc., 64, 1484-1503.

Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)

Total View: 45 Downloads: 9 Page No: 3192-3201