Physico-Chemical and Microbial Analysis of Drinking Water of Four Springs of Danyore Gilgit Baltistan Pakistan

Physico-Chemical and Microbial Analysis of Drinking Water of Four Springs of Danyore Gilgit Baltistan Pakistan ( Vol-2,Issue-5,September - October 2017 )

Author: Samina Kanwal, Saif-Ud-Din, Khalil Ahmed, Maisoor Ahmed Nafees, Sheheryar Anwar

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/2.5.61

Keyword: Drinking water, springs, Heshi, Kitaab Roong, Kooti, UV Spectrophotometer, Membrane Filtration Technique, Pour Plate Technique.

Abstract: Drinking water of good quality is essential for human physiology whose continual existence depends on the availability of water and any sort of contamination in water which is above the standard limits set by international water regulating agencies can lead to water related diseases. So, the present investigation was conducted to determine the physico-chemical and bacteriological contents of four springs i.e.Heshi spring 1, Heshi spring 2, Kitaab Roong, and Kooti spring and its distribution system such as water reservoir inlet, outlet, mid and end point of distribution systems, junction where it merge with glacier water. The temperature was in a range of 13oC - 22oC. The turbidity of water samples fluctuate from 0.02NTU-1.99NTU. The pH value was in a range of 6.2-7.1. Electrical conductivity range of minimum 122µS/cm to a maximum of 600µS/cm. The TDS of all water samples ranging from minimum of 164-513mg/l. The amount of reactive ortho phosphate was in a range of 26mg/l to 59mg/L. The amount of total phosphorous was in a range of minimum 23m/L to maximum of 120mg/L. The total bacterial count was in a range of 11CFU/100ml to 83 CFU/100ml.The findings showed there should be comprehensive standardization of drinking water of Danyore village according to guidelines of WHO water quality standards and make it safe for human consumption.

References:

[1] Karrar. M., & Affan Iqba. A report on Gilgit City. Urban Research&Design Cell (URDC), Department of Architecture and Planning, City Campus NED University of Engineering and Technology, Maulana Din Mohammed Wafai Road, Behind DJ. Science College, Karachi, 2011.
[2] Ecological Society of America. Water in changing world. Issues in Ecology.9:4.
[3] Munair, S. (2003). Protection of water resources in Northern Punjab, Water-A vital source of life, International year of fresh water.The United Nation System in Pakistan,2001.
[4] Larry, W. Survey of Gross Alpha Radioactivity in Bore Hole and Well Water in Sokoto City North-Western Nigeria.Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci. 21(1):20-26, 2006.
[5] Singh, M.A., Gupta, A., Beeteswari, K.H. Physico-Chemical properties of water samples from Manipur River system, India, J.Appi.Sci.Environ.14 (4); 85-89, 2010.
[6] Simpi, B., Hiremath, S.M., Murthy, K., Chandrashekarappa, A.N., Pat., Puttiah, E.T. Analysis of Water Quality Using Physico-ChemicalpARAMETERS Hosahalli Tank in Shimoga District, Karnataka, India. Glo. J. Sci. Front. Res.11, 30-34,2011.
[7] Adewuyi, G.O., Opasina, M.A. Physicochemical and Heavy Metals Assessments of Leachates from Aspirin Abandoned Dumpsite in Ibadan City, Nigeria.E-J. Of Chemist, 2010.
[8] Odeyemi, A.T., Akinjogunla, O.J & OJO, M.A.,. Bacteriological,Physicochemical and Mineral Studies of Water Samples from Artesian bore-hole, spring and Hand dug well located at Oke-Osun, Ikere-Ekiti, Nigeria. Scholars Research Library, 94-108, 2011.
[9] Tartari, G.A. & R. Mosello. Analytical methods and quality control in the chemical laboratory of the Institute of Hydrobiology of the Italian National Research Council. DocumentaIst. Ital. Idrobiol., 60: 160 pp, (1997).
[10] APHA-AWWA-WEF. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater.20th ed. Washington DC: American Public Health Association, 1999.
[11] WHO. 3rd edition, I World Health Organization,2008.
[12] Sabata B.C. AND Nayar M.P. River pollution in India: A case study of Ganga River, 33,1995.
[13] Kumar Pban., Dushenkov. V., Motto H, R. Phytoextraction: The use ofPlants to remove heavy metals from soils. Environ. Sci. Technol. 29(5):1232-1238,1996.
[14] SHITTU, O.B., OLAITAN, J.O. AND AMUSA, T.S. Wetzel R.G., Limology, W. B., Saunders Co., Philadelphia, USA, 743(1975) Physico-chemical and Bacteriological Analyses of Water Used for Drinking and Swimming Purposes in Abeokuta, Nigeria. Afr. J. Biomed. Res., 11: 285-290, 2008.
[15] Parihar V.L., Sharma M.S. AND SHARMA L.L. Utility of bacteriological parameters for assessing best use and trophic status of seasonal water: A case study from Udaipur, Rjasthan. Poll. Res., 22(2),163-167, 2003.
[16] Mohan. D., Gaur. A and Chodhary. D. Study of limnology and microbiology of NayaTalab, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, Proceed. Nat. Symp. onLimnology, 64-68, 2007.

Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)

Total View: 31 Downloads: 8 Page No: 2754-2760