Production of Biogas from Organic Waste and its Utilization as an Alternative Energy Source

Production of Biogas from Organic Waste and its Utilization as an Alternative Energy Source ( Vol-3,Issue-3,May - June 2018 )

Author: Sriharti, Moeso Andrianto, Fahriansyah

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/3.3.7

Keyword: agitated digester, biogas production, organic waste, power generation, infra-red dryer

Abstract: As a result of increase in human need for energy, the source of a new energy is necessary to replace the role of fossil fuel whose existence is beginning to scarce. The organic waste used for the production of biogas is an alternative energy, allowing reducing environmental pollution. The biogas test has been done by using digester fixed dome type made of fiberglass capacity of 5.5 m3, equipped with an inlet for introduction of biogas raw material and an outlet for the release of residual biogas fermentation and an elbow iron mixing road. A soft PVC gas holder has capacity of 5.6 m3. The digester is filled by organic wastes namely cow dung and grasses. Cow dung and water is added at the ratio of 1:2, then after methane production was stable, filling with grasses mixed with water. The results of the test show that organic waste get to produce biogas in blue flame, to be used as fuel to cook, to operate gas generator and for a infra red drying fuel. The Water Boiling Tests show that thermal efficiency is 57.9%, the fire power, 4.0173 watts, the burning rate 0.0688 gram/minute, the specific fuel consumption, 0.1248 kg/hour.

References:

[1] Putra, SE., Limbah Organik Tradisional sebagai Sumber Energi Alternatif bagi Masyarakat, 2010.
[2] Monnet, An Introduction to Anaerobic Digestion of Organic Waste, Chemical Engineering Journal, 2003.
[3] United Nations, Updated Guidebook on Biogas, Development Energy Resources Development Series No. 27, New York, USA, 1984.
[4] Hadi, A. and El-Azeem, A., Effect of Heating, Mixing and Digester Type on Biogas Production from Buffalo Dung, Jurnal Agriculture Faculty, Suez-Canal University Mesir, 2008.
[5] Afifah, N., Rahayuningtyas, A., Haryanto, A., Kuala, S.I., Pengeringan Lapisan Tipis Irisan singkong Menggunakan Pengering Infrared, Potgan Media Komunikasi dan Informasi, Vol 24, No. 3, 2015, hal. 167 – 246.
[6] Gasolec, Specification of Gasolec S 8, unpublished.
[7] Bailis, R., Ogle, D., Mac Carty, N. And Still, D., The Water Boiling Test (WBT), for the Household Energy and Health Programme, Shell Foundation, 2007.
[8] ESCAP, Updated Guidebook on Biogas Development, Energy Resources Development Series No. 27, Economic and Social Commision for Asia and the Pasific, united Nasions, Bangkok, New York, 1985.
[9] Jewell, W.J., Adams, B.A., Eckstrom, B.P., Fanfoni, K.J., Kabrick, R.M. and Sherman, D.F., The feasibility of Biogas Production on Farms, Department of Agricultural Engineering Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, 1982.
[10] Triakuntini, E., Sudarno, Sutrisno, E., Pengaruh Pengenceran dan Pengadukan Pada Produksi Biogas Dari Limbah Rumah Makan Dengan Menggunakan Starter Ekstrak Rumen Sapi, Jurusan Teknik Lingkungan, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Dipenogoro, Semarang, 2012.
[11] Zhao, C., Effect of temperature on Biogas Production in Anaerobic Treatment of Domestic Wastewater UASB System in Hammarby Sjostadsverk, 2011.
[12] Rouf, Ari Abdul, Pemanfaatan Limbah Kotoran Ternak sapi untuk Biogas Skala Rumah Tangga, BPTP, Gorontalo, 2011.
[13] Price, E.C., Cheremisnoff, P.N., Biogas Production and Utilization, ANN Arber Science, 1981.
[14] Arifin, M., Saepudin, A., Santosa, A., Study of Biogas for Power Generation at Pesantren Saung Balong Al Barokah, Majalengka West Java,Journal of Mechatronics, Electric Power and Vehicular Ctechnology, Vol. 02, No. 2m pp. 73 – 78, 2011.
[15] Hermawan, B., Lailatul, Q., Candrarini, P., Evans, S.P., Sampah Organik Sebagai Bahan Baku Biogas, Jurusan Kimia FMIPA UNILA, Lampung, 2001.
[16] Alpen Steel, Bahan Baku Biogas Berasal dari Sampah Organik, unpublished.
[17] FAO, China : Azola Propagation and Small Scale Biogas Technology, Roma, Italy, 1978.
[18] Fry, Methane Digester for Fuel Gas and Fertilizer, The New Alchemy Institute, Massachusetts, 1974.
[19] Martono, D.H., Pengolahan Sampah Menjadi Energi, Indonesian Solid Waste Association, InSWA, Jakarta, 2009.
[20] Widodo, T.W., Asari, A., Ana, N. Dan Elita, R., Rekayasa dan Pengujian Reaktor Biogas Skala Kelompok Tani ternak, Balai Besar Pengembangan Mekanisasi Pertanian, Jurnal Enjiniring Pertanian, 2006.
[21] Syamsuri, Suheni, Wulandari, Y., Taufik, Analisa Performasi Kompor Biogas dengan Volume Penampung Biogas 1 m3 yang Dihasilkan dari Reaktor dengan Volume 5000 liter, hal. 151 – 162, Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains dan Teknologi Terapan III, Institut Teknologi Adhi Tama Surabaya, 2015.
[22] Sudarmanta, B., Unjuk Kerja Kompor Berbahan Bakar Biogas Efisiensi Tinggi Dengan Penambahan Reflektor, Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknologi Industri, Surabaya, 2012.

Total View: 32 Downloads: 3 Page No: 763-769


Cite this Article:

MLA

Sriharti, Moeso Andrianto, Fahriansyah et al."Production of Biogas from Organic Waste and its Utilization as an Alternative Energy Source". International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878),vol 3, no. 3, 2018, pp.763-769 AI Publications doi:10.22161/ijeab/3.3.7

APA

Sriharti, Moeso Andrianto, Fahriansyah , P.(2018).Production of Biogas from Organic Waste and its Utilization as an Alternative Energy Source. International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).3(3), 763-769.10.22161/ijeab/3.3.7

Chicago

Sriharti, Moeso Andrianto, Fahriansyah , P.(2018).Production of Biogas from Organic Waste and its Utilization as an Alternative Energy Source. International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).3(3), pp.763-769.

Harvard

Sriharti, Moeso Andrianto, Fahriansyah . 2018."Production of Biogas from Organic Waste and its Utilization as an Alternative Energy Source". International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).3(3):763-769.Doi:10.22161/ijeab/3.3.7

IEEE

Sriharti, Moeso Andrianto, Fahriansyah ."Production of Biogas from Organic Waste and its Utilization as an Alternative Energy Source", International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology,vol.3,no. 3, pp.763-769,2018.

Bibtex

@article { sriharti2018production,
title={Production of Biogas from Organic Waste and its Utilization as an Alternative Energy Source},
author={Sriharti, Moeso Andrianto, Fahriansyah , R},
journal={International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology},
volume={3},
year= {2018} ,
}