Review of Hussain Sagar Lake Pollution, Hyderabad, India

Review of Hussain Sagar Lake Pollution, Hyderabad, India ( Vol-3,Issue-2,March - April 2018 )

Author: P. Mahammed Rafi, Acharya Jyothi Kusum

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/3.2.31

Keyword: Hussain sagar lake, Oxygen uptake, Self purification capacity, organic pollutants.

Abstract: Hussain sagar lake, a historical lake which was built in 1562 by Hussain Shaw Wali is situated in the heart of Hyderabad city, India. Earlier up to 1930’s, it was the major water source to meet drinking and irrigation requirements for both twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad. Now this lake turned to virtual garbage bin with no adequate treatment for wastewater loads originated from point and non point sources. Therefore the lake loses the capability of self purification system which was an important factor that depends on the maximum uptake of oxygen from the atmosphere. Multiple projects were undertaken by the concerned authorities for the improvement of Hussain sagar lake and its catchment area. Recently With referring to the Lake health status, In 2006, HMDA, a governing body set up by Andhra Pradesh Government, initiated “Hussainsagar Lake and Catchment Area Improvement project” and set up STPs and wastewater interception and diversion structures. It also installed fountains to aerate the lake to improve its water quality as well as to add beauty. But these measures are lying ineffective to manage wastewater loads. This paper discusses that the Hussain Sagar lake water body over decades, has been polluted adversely from discharging of organic and inorganic pollutants through open drains as well as point and non point sources and also presents various measures had taken to rejuvenate Hussain Sagar Lake to its past glory.

References:

[1] M. Satish Kumar, M.V. Raju, Hepsibah Palivela and G. Venu Ratna Kumari, Water Quality Scenario of Urban Polluted Lakes – A Model Study. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 8(5), 2017, pp. 297–302.
[2] Karadede-Akin, H. and Unlu, E., “Heavy metal concentrations in water, sediment, fish and some benthic organisms from Tigris River, Turkey”. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 131: 323-337, 2007.
[3] Carpenter, S. R., Caraco, N. F., Correll, D. L., Howarth, R. W., Sharpley, A. N., & Smith, V.H., “Nonpointpollution of surface waters with phosphorus and nitrogen” Ecological Applications, 8, 559- 568. 1998.
[4] Howarth, R. W., Billen, G., Swaney, D., Townsend, A., Jaworski, N., Lajtha, Downing, A.,Elmgren, R.,Caracoa, N., Jordan, ., Berendse., F., Freney, J., kudeyarov, J., Kudeyarov, V., Murdoch, P., Zhu Zhao-Liang., Regional nitrogen budget and riverine N & P fluxes for the drainages to the North Atlantic Ocean: Natural and human influences”. Biogeochemistry, 35, 75-139. 1996.
[5] Maamar Mokadem, Djillali Achour and Amine Cherif E.l. (2014). Study of self-purification capacity in semi-arid zones: Case of wadicheliff, (Northern Algeria). Journal of current world Environment, 9(3), 584. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.12944/CWE.9.3.05.
[6] Omole D.O., Adewumi L.K., Longe E.O. and Ogbiye A.S. (2012). Study of auto purification capacity of river atuwara in Nigeria, International journal of engineering and technology, 6(3), 151-157, http://dx.doi.org/ 10.3923/erj. 2012.151.157.
[7] Kaushik Rajat (2015). Mathematical modelling on water pollution and self-purification of river Ganges. Journal of pelagia research library, 6(7), 57-64. http://docplayer.net/ 27705088.
[8] Menezes Paulo oao Cunha de, Bittencourt Parreira Ricardo, Farias Sá Matheus De, Bello Pinheiro Italoema, Oliveira Luiz Fernando Coutinho de and Fia Ronaldo (2015). Deoxygenation rate, reaeration and potential for self purification of small tropical urban streams. Revista Ambiente & Água, 10(4), 748-757. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.4136/ambi-agua.1599.
[9] Schiewer Ulrich and Schernewski Gerald (2004). Selfpurification capacity and management of Baltic coastal ecosystems. Journal of coastal conservation., 10(1), 25-32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1652/1400-0350(2004)010 [0025:SCAMOB]2.0.CO;2
[10] Tian Shimin, Wang Zhaoyin and Shang Hongxia (2011). Study on the self-purification of Juma river. Journal of environmental sciences., 11, 1328-1333. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.proenv.2011.12.199
[11] Madras school of Economics (MSE) (2005). Environmental issues in the Bhavani river basin unpublished interim report. Chennai MSE. http:// ageconsearch.umn.edu/ bitstream/91902/2/CA.
[12] Mehrdadi N., Ghobadi M., Nasrabadi T. and Hoveidi H. (2006). Evaluation of the quality and self-purification potential of Tajanriver using QUAL2E model. 3(3), 199204. http://www.bioline.org.br/pdf?se06028.
[13] Prati L. and Richardson Q.B. (1971). Water pollution and self-purification study on the PO river below ferrara. Water research, 5(5), 203-212. https://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/00431354(71)90053-4.
[14] Jayesh Ranjan, Reddy, K. S. (2008). "Conservation of Hussain Sagar Lake Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh, India)" (PDF). Proceedings of Taal 2007: The 12th World Lake Conference: 1753–1756.
[15] M. Vikram Reddy, K. SagarBabu, V. Balaram, M. Satyanarayanan., “Assessment of the effects of municipal sewage, immersed idols and boating on the heavy metal and other elemental pollution of surface water of the eutrophic Hussainsagar Lake, Hyderabad, India”, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 184, 2012.
[16] V.V.S. Gurunadha Rao, Mitsuo Yoshida, B.A. Prakash, S.V.N. Chandrasekhar, and K. Mahesh Kumar, (November, 2004), “Environmental Impact of Human activities to Urban Lake Sediments:Potentially Toxic Elements (PTEs) Contamination in Hussainsagar Lake, Hyderabad”. The 11th National Symposium on Hydrology, National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee (India).
[17] S. Umamaheswara Reddy, Dr.P.Venugopal Rao., (2013) “Analysis of Sediment and Pore Watersamples of a Contaminated Lake - A Case Study of Hussain Sagar”, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Volume 3, Issue 3, 841,.
[18] R. Srikanth, A. M. Rao, C. S. Kumar and A. Khanum, “Lead, Cadmium, Nickel, and ZincContamination ofGround Water around Hussain Sagar Lake, Hyderabad, India,” Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Vol. 50, No. 1, pp. 138-143, 1993.
[19] I. Bob Pears, C.V.V.Prasad, Dr. M. Chandra Sekhar, “Assessment of Water Quality Status of Musi River – A Tributory of River Krishna in India,” Int,. J. Environmental Science and Computing, Vol.6, No.11, pp. 3415-3422, 2016.
[20] Basmah Muner Mahmood, (October 2016) “Sewage Treatment Plant Of Hussain Sagar Lake, Hyderabad- A Case Study,” Int. J. of Research, Vol.3, No.14, pp.515-534,.
[21] A. Sridhar kumar et.al., (Sep 2014) “Assessment of water quality in Hussain sagar lake and its inlet channels using multivariate statistical techniques,” IJSER, Vol.5, No.9, pp.327-333,.
[22] APHA, AWWA, WEF. (1995) ‘Standard Methods for Examination of water & wastewater’, 19th edition, APHA, AWWA, WEF, Washington, D.C.
[23] The Hindu, News Article –vision lab report, Hyderabad March, 2017,
[24] Bureau of Indian Standard (BIS), Indian standard Drinking water Specification (Second Revision), Indian Standard (10500:2012).
[25] Usharani.K. et al., (2010) “Physico-chemical and bacteriological characteristics of Noyyal river and ground water quality of perur, India. J. of Applies Sci. Environ. Management, 14(2), 29-35.
[26] Aggarwal T.R., Singh K.N, Guptha A.K, ( 2000) “Impact of sewage containing domestic water and heavy metals on the chemistry of Varuna river water”, Pollution Research, 19(3), 491-494.

Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)

Total View: 55 Downloads: 4 Page No: 543-549