Study of the Monthly and Annual Behavior of Temperature and its Impact on Climate Change in Iraq for the Period (1982-2012) ( Vol-2,Issue-5,September - October 2017 )
Author: Dr. Osama T. Al-Taai, Jamal S. A. Al-Rukabie, Iqbal H. Abdalkareem
Keyword: Temperature, Climate change, ECMWF, Meteorological factors, Iraq.
Abstract: Temperature in Iraq is an important meteorological factors because of its great impact on the daily life of human in terms of health, work and others. This research aims at identifying and studying the climate change in the study stations and during the specific period of time and its future impact on the climate of Iraq. This study analyzes the behavior of monthly and annual temperature data obtained from the (ECMWF) for selected stations from Iraq (Mosul, Baghdad and Basrah), which represent (Northern, Middle and Southern) Iraq, respectively, for the period of one and thirty years (1982-2012) and found the relationship between the temperature with period of study from 1982 to 2012 using some statistical methods (SLR and Rsqr), The lowest monthly average of temperature was in DEC and the highest monthly average of temperature was in JUL in all stations of the study, and found that the lowest annual average of temperature was in 1992 and the highest annual average of temperature in 2010 and for all stations, and found that there is a change climate in the month of MAY of Spring and the month of SEP of the autumn with the summer months (JUN, JUL and AUG), and found that there is a clear increase in the annual average temperature during the study period, where the Rsqr for Mosul station was (R2=0.4), Baghdad station was (R2=0.5) and Basrah station was (R2=0.4), with the possibility of dividing study stations (Mosul, Baghdad and Basrah) into three regions climate in terms of total annual average of temperature (low, high, and very high) respectively, and Predictability of future drought in Iraq.
 A. E. Burt, “Understanding Weather and Climate,” Pearson Education, 4th edition, London. U.K, 2006, pp. 45.
 W. R. Cotton, “Human Impacts on Weather and Climate,” 2nd edition, Cambridge University Press, U.K, 2006, pp. 65.
 N. Shehadeh, “Contemporary Climatology,” Dar Al-Safa, Amman, Jordan, 2009, pp. 46.
 H. Abdelkarim, and M. A. Hassan, “Natural Climatology,” Directorate of Books and Publications Tishreen University, Syria, 2009, pp. 23.
 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), “Climate Change,” The Scientific Basis, UNEP and WMO Publication, 2001.
 G. M. Meteb, “Study of Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Changes in Iraq,” Unpublished Master Thesis, 2008.
 K. N. Liou, “The absorption, reflection, and transmission of solar radiation in cloudy atmospheres,” Journal of Atmospheric sciences, Issue. 33, 1967, pp. 798-805.
 R. C. William, and R. A. Pielke, “Human Impact on Weather and Climate,” Cambridge University press, 1995, pp. 15.
 S. Mohammed, “Data Analysis,” Site Management and Industrial Engineering, 2009.
 Mathematics in Education and Industry (MEI), “Spearman’s rank correlation,” December 2007.
 P. Berrisford, D. P. Dee, P. Poli, and R. Brugge,”The ERA-Interim archive,” Version 2.0. ERA Report Series 1, 2011.
 Iraqi Meteorological Organization and Seismology, “Temperatures data for the period (1982-2012),” department of Climate, 2015.
 General Authority for The Rough Waters of The Iraqi Air and Seismic Monitoring, “Atlas Climate of Iraq for The Period (1961-1990),” Baghdad, Iraq, 1994, pp. 8-7.
Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)
|Total View: 237||Downloads: 42||Page No: 2293-2302|