Effect of Chitosan and Chlorocholine Chloride on the Minituberization of Cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium L. Schott)

Effect of Chitosan and Chlorocholine Chloride on the Minituberization of Cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium L. Schott) ( Vol-4,Issue-1,January - February 2019 )

Author: MEJANE EKANE Carole, Djeuani Astride Carole, FOTSO, Djoucgoue François Pierre, Omokolo NDOUMOU Denis

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/4.1.5

Keyword: chitosan, chlorocholine chloride, minitubers, minituberization,Xanthosoma sagittifolium.

Abstract: This study was carried out in order to evaluate the effect of chitosan (1, 2 and 3gL-1) and chlorocholine chloride (5, 10 and 15mgL-1) on the minituberization of cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium). Results showed that both phytohormones reduced the growth cycle of cocoyam from 6 to 5months with the best results obtained at the concentrations 2gL-1 and 15mgL-1 for chitosan (CTH) and chlorocholine chloride (CCC) respectively. The average number of leaves was greater in CTH at 2gL-1 (3.80±1.40) and 10mgL-1(3.60±0.70) for CCC. The optimal height of the plant for CTH was obtained at 1gL-1 (17.87±5.47 cm) and 15mgL-1 (21.15±1.99 cm) for CCC. The average leaves surface was greater at 1gL-1 (36.39±17.02 cm2) for CTH and 15mgL-1 (25.87±5.62 cm2) for CCC. The number of minitubers harvested as well as the percentage of tuberization was maximum with 29minitubers at 2gL-1 and 23 for 15mgL-1.The size of the minitubers was best at 3gL-1(2.60±0.26 cm) for CTH and 10mgL-1 (0.56±0.27 cm) for CCC. The mass of the minitubers increased with best results obtained at 3gL-1(2.80±0.84g) and at 10mgL-1 (0.20±0.36g) for CTH and CCC respectively.

References:

[1] FAO (2012). FAO statisticalyearbook. World food and agriculture. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Google Scholar
[2] Ramanatha R. V., Matthews P. J., Eyzaguirre P. B., & Hunter D. (2010). The global diversity of taro: Ethnobotany and conservation. Rome, Italy: Biodiversity International. Google Scholar
[3] Onokpise O.U., J.G. Wutoh, X. Ndzana, J.T. Tambong and M.M. Mebokaet al., 1999. Evaluation of Cocoyam Germplasm in Cameroon. In: Perspective of New Crops and New Uses, Janick, J., (Ed.). ASHS Press, Alexandra, VA., pp: 394-396.
[4] Vaneker K., &Slaats E. (2013). Mappingediblearoids. Iridescent Icograda, 3, 34–45. Google Scholar
[5] Onyeka J. (2014). Status of Cocoyam (Colocasiaesculenta and Xanthosoma spp.) in West and Central Africa : Production, Household Importance and the ThreatfromLeafBlight. Google Scholar
[6] Schafer L.L., 1999. Improvement of cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium L. Schott) growing system in bamilike land (West-Cameroon). Cahier. Agric., 8: 9-20.
[7] Xu T., N.D. Omokolo N.G. Tsala and M.E.L. Ngonkeu, 1995. Identification of the causal agent of cocoyam root rot disease in Cameroon. Acta Mycol. Sin., 14: 37-4
[8] Pacumbaba R.P., J.C. Wutoh A.E. Sama J.T. Tambong and L.M. Nyochembeng, 1992. Isolation and pathogenicity of rhyzosphere fungi of cocoyam in relation to cocoyam root rot disease. J. Phytopathol., 135: 265-273.
[9] Abo El-Nil M.M. &Zettler F.W. (1976). Callus initiation and organdifferentiationfrom shoot tip cultures of Colocasiaesculenta. Plant Sci. Lett. 6:401-408.
[10] Behera K.K. &Sahoo S. (2008). In vitro micropropagation of Colocasiaesculenta (L.)Schott. (cv local-jhankhri) through corm sprouts. Orissa J. Hortic. 36:50-54.
[11] Omokolo N.D., Boudjeko T., Tsafack T., 2003. In vitro tuberization of Xanthosomasagittifolium (L.) Schott: effects of phytohormones, sucrose, nitrogen and photoperiod. Sci. Hort. 98: 337-345.
[12] Zhang Z. J., Li H. Z., Zhou W. J., Tajeuchi X. and Yoneyama K. 2006. Effect of 5-Aminoevulinic acid on the development and salt tolerance of potato (SolanumtuberosumL.) mictrotubersin vitro. Plant Growth Regul.1 (49):27-34
[13] Linden, James C., Stoner, Richard J., Knutson, Kenneth W., Gardner-Hughes, Cecilie A. 2000. "Organic disease control elicitors". Agro Food Industry Hi-Tech11 (5):4-32
[14] Linden J.C. and Stoner R.J., 2007. Pre-harvest application of proprietary elicitor delays fruit senescence. A. Raminaet al. (eds.). Advances in Plant Ethylene Research: Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on the Plant Hormone Ethylene. Symposium Society Experiment .301–302 pp.
[15] Britta Kowalski, Felipe Jimenez Terry, Lidcay Herrera and Daniel Agramonte Peñalver, 2006.Application of Soluble Chitosan in vitro and in the Greenhouse to Increase Yield and Seed Quality of Potato Minitubers.Potato Research. 49: 167-176.
[16] Rosell G., F. G. Bertoldi and R. Tizio. 1987. In vitro mass tuberization as a contribution to potato micropropagation. Potato Res. 30: 111-116.
[17] Vecchio V., S. G. Ferraro, M. T. Pagano and L. Andrenelli. 1994. Effect of saccharose and CCC on in vitro production of microtubers of potato cultivars. Sementi-Elette (Italy). 40(5): 63-68.
[18] Omokolo N.D., Tsala M.G., Kanmegne G. and Balange A.P., 1995.In vitro induction of multiple shoots, plant regeneration and tuberization from shoot tips of cocoyam. C.R. Acad. Sci. 318: 773-778.
[19] Murashige T. and Skoog F., 1962.A revised medium for rapid growth and bioassays with tobacco tissue culture.Plant Physiology. 15: 473–497.
[20] Rosell G., F. G. Bertoldi and R. Tizio. 1987. In vitro mass tuberization as a contribution to potato micropropagation. Potato Res. 30: 111-116.
[21] Vecchio V., S. G. Ferraro, M. T. Pagano and L. Andrenelli. 1994. Effect of saccharose and CCC on in vitro production of microtubers of potato cultivars. Sementi-Elette (Italy). 40(5): 63-68.
[22] Yan et al., 2011.Effet de la source de carbone sur la tubérisation. Presses Universitaires de France. 58-66 pp.
[23] Mondal M. M. A., Malek M. A., Puteh A. B., Ishmail M. R., Ashrafuzzaman and Naher L., 2012. Effect of foliar application of chitosan on growth and yield in okra.AJCS.6: 918-921.
[24] Dzung NA, Phuong Khanh VT Dzung TT., 2011.Research on impact of chitosan oligomers on biophysical characteristics, growth, development and drought resistance of coffee. Carbohydrate Polymer 84: 751-755.
[25] Farouk S. and Amany A.R., 2012.Improving growth and yield of cowpea by foliar application of chitosan under water stress. Egypt J. Biol.14: 14-26.
[26] Dzung N. A., 2010. Enhancing crop production with chitosan and its derivatives, In Se-Kwon Kim (Editors), chitin, chitosan, oligosaccharides and their derivatives; biological activities and applications.CRC Pres imprint of Taylor &Francis Group.623-624 pp.
[27] Afria B.S., Nathawat N.S. and Yadav M.L. 1998.Effect of cycocel and saline irrigation on physiological attributes, yield and its components in different varieties of gaur (Cymposistetragonoloba L. Taub). Indian Journal of plant Physiology. 3(1): 46-48.
[28] Abo-El-Kheir M.S.A., Kandil S.A. and Mekki B.B.1994. Physiological response of two soybean cultivars grown under water stress conditions as affected by CCC treatment. Egyptian Journal of physiological Science. 18(1): 179-200.
[29] Lone N.A., 2001.Studies on effect of cycocel and ethrel in association with nitrogen on growth and metabolism of mustard under non-irrigated conditions.Ph.D. Thesis, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India.31(6): 343-348.
[30] Asghari-Zakaria R., Maleki-Zanjani B. and Sedghi E., 2009. Effect of in vitro chitosan application on growth and minitubers yield of Solanum tuberosum L. Plant Soil Environ.55: 252-256.
[31] Lee Y.U., Kim Y.H. and Kim S.B., 2005. Changes in the respiration, growth and vitamin C content of soybean sprouts in response to chitosan of different molecular weights. Hort. Science. 40: 1333-1335.
[32] Zakaria M., Hossain M.M., KhalequeMian A., Hossain T. and Uddin Z., 2008.In vitro tuberization of potato influenced by benzyl adenine and chlorocholine chloride.Bangladesh J. Agril. Res. 33 (3): 419-425.
[33] Hossain M.J. and Sultana N.,1998.Effect of benzyl amino purine (BAP) and chloro choline chloride (CCC) on in vitro tuberization of potato.Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research. 23 (4): 685-690.

Total View: 148 Downloads: 33 Page No: 024-032


Cite this Article:

MLA

MEJANE EKANE Carole, Djeuani Astride Carole, FOTSO, Djoucgoue François Pierre, Omokolo NDOUMOU Denis et al."Effect of Chitosan and Chlorocholine Chloride on the Minituberization of Cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium L. Schott)". International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878),vol 4, no. 1, 2019, pp.024-032 AI Publications doi:10.22161/ijeab/4.1.5

APA

MEJANE EKANE Carole, Djeuani Astride Carole, FOTSO, Djoucgoue François Pierre, Omokolo NDOUMOU Denis, P.(2019).Effect of Chitosan and Chlorocholine Chloride on the Minituberization of Cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium L. Schott). International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).4(1), 024-032.10.22161/ijeab/4.1.5

Chicago

MEJANE EKANE Carole, Djeuani Astride Carole, FOTSO, Djoucgoue François Pierre, Omokolo NDOUMOU Denis, P.(2019).Effect of Chitosan and Chlorocholine Chloride on the Minituberization of Cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium L. Schott). International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).4(1), pp.024-032.

Harvard

MEJANE EKANE Carole, Djeuani Astride Carole, FOTSO, Djoucgoue François Pierre, Omokolo NDOUMOU Denis. 2019."Effect of Chitosan and Chlorocholine Chloride on the Minituberization of Cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium L. Schott)". International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).4(1):024-032.Doi:10.22161/ijeab/4.1.5

IEEE

MEJANE EKANE Carole, Djeuani Astride Carole, FOTSO, Djoucgoue François Pierre, Omokolo NDOUMOU Denis."Effect of Chitosan and Chlorocholine Chloride on the Minituberization of Cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium L. Schott)", International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology,vol.4,no. 1, pp.024-032,2019.

Bibtex

@article { mejaneekanecarole2019effect,
title={Effect of Chitosan and Chlorocholine Chloride on the Minituberization of Cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium L. Schott)},
author={MEJANE EKANE Carole, Djeuani Astride Carole, FOTSO, Djoucgoue François Pierre, Omokolo NDOUMOU Denis , R},
journal={International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology},
volume={4},
year= {2019} ,
}