Recent Developments in Goat Farming and Perspectives for a Sustainable Production in Western Africa ( Vol-2,Issue-4,July - August 2017 )
Author: Dehouegnon Jerry Agossou, Tatiana Dominica Dougba, Nazan Koluman
Keyword: Goat, Meat, Milk, Skin, West Africa.
Abstract: The West African region has a great diversity of indigenous goat breeds that are well adapted to such environmental conditions. West African goat population was estimated to be around 150 million heads in 2014, representing 14.82% of the world goat population. Goats play an important role in the socio-economic, environmental and religious life of the farming communities in terms of income, payment of dowry and supplying food for the local population. The traditional keeping system based on natural rangeland use as feed resources and free roaming is the most common system in the regions. Although goat industries have significantly increased these last decades, they are subjected to a variety of factors limiting their development. For a sustainable development with the goals of meeting the increasing demand for goat products, a wide intensification of goat production policies should be implemented.
 Ministère de L'Elevage. Stratégie de Développement Durable de L’Elevage (SDDEL 2013-2035), République du Niger. Mai 2013.
 FAOSTAT http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QA Accessed on 8 July 2017.
 S.H.B. Lebbie (2004), Goats under Household Conditions. Small Ruminant Res., 51: 131-136, 2004.
 V. M. Timon, R.P. Baber. Genetic improvement of sheep and goats in the humid tropics of West Africa (English). In: Sheep and goat meat production in the humid tropics of West Africa. Proceedings ; FAO Animal Production and Health Paper (FAO) , no. 70; Seminar on Sheep and Goat Meat Production in the Humid Tropics of West Africa, Yamoussoukro (Cote d'Ivoire), 21-25 Sep 1987 / FAO, Rome (Italy). Animal Production and Health Div. p. 14-29, 1989,
 B.A. Opasina, K.B. David-West, Position paper on Sheep and Goats production in Nigeria. Sheep and Goat meat production in the humid of West Africa, 2007.
 A.B. Gbangboché, F.A. Abiola, J.P. Laporte, S. Salifou, P.L. Leroy, Sheep Management in Oueme and Plateau Departments of Republic of Benin. Stakes of Djallonke Crossbreeding with Sahelian Sheep. Tropicultura 20 (2): 70-75, 2002.
 R.K.E. Monkotan, Evaluation des performances laitières des chèvres alpines de la ferme Saint-Philippe de la providence de Têlokoue dans le département de l’atlantique. Mémoire pour l’obtention du diplôme d’ingénieur des travaux agricoles, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 2011.
 L. Asamoah, Country Pasture/Forage Resource Profiles, Liberia. FAO, Rome 2012.
 J. Capote, Environments and goats around the world: importance of genetic and management factors. In: Kukovics S (ed) Sustainable Goat Breeding and Goat Farming in Central and Eastern, European Countries European regional conference on Goats. FAO, Rome, 2016, pp 1-16. ISBN: 978-92-5-109123-4, 2014.
 D. Vissoh, A.B. Gbangboche, E. Padonou, The alpine goat’s milk production and cheese yield in Benin. International Journal of Current Research 7: 22108-22112, 2015.
 M. J. Otte, P. Chilonda, Cattle and small ruminant production systems in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome 2002.
 E. O. Otchere, Small Ruminant Production in Tropical Africa. In: Timon VM and Hanrahan JP, Small ruminant production in the developing countries, Proceedings of an Expert Consultation, Sofia, Bulgaria, 8-12 July 1985. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome, 1986.
 E. G. Kimaro, O.C. Chibinga, Potential impact of climate change on livestock production and health in East Africa: A review. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 25, Article #116. from http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd25/7/kima25116.htm Retrieved July 10, 2017,
 N. Silanikove, Effects of water scarcity and hot environment on appetite and digestion in ruminants: A review. Livestock Production Science. 30: 175-194, 1992.
 J. O. Daramola, A.A. Adeloye, Changes in spermiograms, biochemical and physiological indices following successive electroejaculation during different periods of the day in West African dwarf bucks. Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences 10; 53-60, 2010.
 T. A. Adedeji, Effect of Some Qualitative Traits and Non-Genetic Factors on Heat Tolerance Attributes of Extensively Reared West African Dwarf (WAD) Goats. International Journal of Applied Agricultural and Apicultural Research 8 (1): 68-81, 2012.
 M .A. Popoola, M.O. Bolarinwa M.O. Yahaya, G.L. Adebisi A.A. Saka, Thermal Comfort Effects on Physiological Adaptations and Growth Performance of West African Dwarf Goats Raised in Nigeria. European Scientific Journal February vol .3 (Special edition) ISSN: 1857-7881, 2014.
 M.I. Okourwa, Effect of Coat Characteristics on Physiological Traits and Heat Tolerance of West African Dwarf Sheep in Southern Nigeria. Open Journal of Animal Sciences 5: 351-357, 2015.
 M.I. Okoruwa, Effect of Heat Stress on Thermoregulatory, Live Bodyweight and Physiological Responses of Dwarf Goats in Southern Nigeria. European Scientific Journal September 2014 edition vol.10, N°.27 ISSN: 1857-7881, 2014.
 A. Rosa, A. di Palucci,, A. Zumbo, Climatic effect on milk production of Camosciata goats reared in Calabria. Large Animal Review 19 (2): 73-78, 2013.
 FAO Corporate Document Repository. hppt://wwwfao.org/dorep/004/s8374 s8374b20.htm.
 T. Metahan, La croissance de la population et le problème alimentaire en Afrique. Mémoire de DESS, Université de Columbia de New York. 2010 http://www.memoireonline.com/08/11/4670/Lacroissance-de-la-population-et-le-probleme-alimentaire-en-Afrique.html
 A.A. Ademosun, Constraints and prospects for small ruminant research and development in Africa. In Lebbie S.H.B., B. Rey, E.K. Irungu (eds). Proceedings of the Second Biennial Conference of the African Small Ruminant Research Network AICC, Arusha, Tanzania 7-11 December 1992.
 Anon, [online] Available at: https://www.inter reseaux.org/IMG/pdf/gds72_complet.pdf Accessed on 19 July 2017.
Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)
|Total View: 82||Downloads: 4||Page No: 2047-2051|