Study on Toxic Impact of Sugar Factory Effluent on the Gill of the Fresh Water Fish Rasbora Daniconius

Study on Toxic Impact of Sugar Factory Effluent on the Gill of the Fresh Water Fish Rasbora Daniconius ( Vol-2,Issue-4,July - August 2017 )

Author: V. B. Kakade

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/2.4.56

Keyword: R. daniconius, Sugar factory effluent, Histopathological changes and tissues of gill.

Abstract: The fresh water fish Rasbora daniconius were exposed to two sublethal concentration of sugar factory effluent for 4 weeks studied. The concentration were record 1/5(2.2%) and 1/10(1.1%) of the 96 hrs LC 5O values of sugar factory effluent. The gills of R. daniconius showed the curling and degeneration and breaking of epithelium cells of the secondary gill lamellae, destruction of blood cells, blood capillaries and nuclei were the prominent features of the gill.


[1] Altinok, I. and Capkin, E. (2007): Histopathology of rainbow trout exposed to sublethal concentrations of methiocarb of endosulfan. Toxicologic Pathology. 35: 405-410.
[2] Aniladevi, K.K.P., Philip, B., Bhanu, S.V. and Jose, J. (2008): Histopathological effects on Oreochromis mossambicus (Tilapia) exposed to chlorpyrifos. J. Envn. Reash and Devlop. Vol (2): 553-559.
[3] Ashok Kumar and Vinod Kumar, (1995), Mercury poisoning : architectural changes in the gills of Rasbora daniconius (Hamilton). J. Environ. Biol. 16(1) : 33-36.
[4] Bancroft, J.D. and H. C. Cook (1984): Manual of histology techniques, (Ed) Livingsotne, C., London. 6- 28.
[5] Bancroft, J.D. and A. Stevens (1977): Theory and practice of histological techniques, (Ed) , Livingstone, C., Novea publication, London.
[6] Cairns, J. and Scheier, A. (1964): The effect upon the pumpkin seed sun fish Lepomis gibbosus (Linn) of chronic exposure to lethal and sublethal concentrations of dieldrin. Natur. Nat. 370 : 10.
[7] Carpenter, K. E. (1927): The lethal action of soluble metabolic salts of tissues. Brit. J. Expt. Biol., 4 : 378-390.
[8] Erkman, B., Caliskan, M. and Yerli, S.V. (2000): Histopahological effects of cyphenothrin on gill of the Lebistes reticulatus. Vet Hum. Toxicol. 42: 5-7.
[9] Giderenus, P. A., (1966): Some effect of sublethal concentrations of sodium arsenate on blue gill and aquatic Environment. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc., 95 : 289-296.
[10] Gokhale, M. A.and wagh (1984): Effect of mercury toxicity to Garra mullya (Sykes). M.Phil. dissertation, Pune Unviersity, Pune, India.
[11] Haniffa M.A. and Sundaravathanam, S. (1984): Effect of distillery effluent on food utilization of freshwater fish Barbus Stigma, Life Sci. Adv., 2.143-146.
[12] Hadi A. A. and Alwan S. F. (2012) Histopathological changes in gill, liver and kidney of the fresh water fish Tilapia zilli exposed to aluminium, International Journal of Pharmacy and Life sciences(IJPLS),Vol.3(11), 2071-2081.
[13] Hollis, L. and Playle, R.C. (1997): Influences of dissolved organic matter on copper binding and calcium on cadmium binding by gill of rainbow trout. J. of Fish Biology. 50, 703-720.
[14] Khangarot, B. S. and Somani, R. C. (1980): Toxic effect of mercury on the gill of freshwater teleost, Puntius sophore (Hamilton). Current Science. 49 (21): 832-83
[15] Khillare, Y.K. and Davane, P.M. (1998): Chronic effect of water variable on development gill and supporting cells in early life stage of fish, Puntius stigma. J. Environ. Biol. 19(2): 125-129.
[16] Kulshreshta, S. K., Shrivastava, R. S. and Arora, N., (1984): Toxicity of two pesticides to the kidney of a freshwater teleost Channa striatus (Bloch.) Ibid : 63-70.
[17] Mitrovic, V.V., Brown, V.M., Shutben, D.G., and Berryman, M.H., (1968): Some pathological effects of subacute and acute poisoning of rainbow trout by phenol in hard water. Water Res. 2 : 249-254.
[18] Moza, U., Glazerbook, J. and Mitchell, B.M. (1993): Pathological response of gold fish, Carassius auratus (L.) to cadmium at sublethal level. Third Ind. Fish. Forum. Proceeding, Pantnagar.11-14 Oct. pp. 181-189.
[19] Nath, K. and Kumar, N. (1989): Nickel induced histopahological alteration in the gill architecture of a tropical freshwater perch, Colisa fasciatus (Bloch and Schn). Sci. Total Environ. 80: (2/3): 293-296.
[20] Newstead, J.D. (1987): Fine structure of the respiratory lamellae of teleostean gill. Zeitsehrif furZelfforschung. 70,420-445.
[21] Olojo, E.A.A., Oluzin K.B., Mbaka G. and Oluwem (2005): Histopathology of gill and liver tissues of the catfish Clarias gariepinus exposed to lead. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 4 (1). Pp. 117-122. January 2005.
[22] Paulose, P.V. (1989): Histopathological changes in relation to accumulation and elimination of inorganic and methyl mercury in gill of Labeo rohita. Indian. J. Exp. Biol., 27: 2185-2196.
[23] Prasad, B.B. (2002): Effect of copper and zinc in the gills of Channa marulius. J. Ecotoxico. Environ. Monit. 12(1):35-40.
[24] Saksena, D.N. and Pandey, R. (1993): Copper sulphate induced histopathological alterations in the gill of the fingerlings of an Indian major carp, Labeo rohita (Ham.). J. NATCON. 5-1- (65-69).
[25] Schimid, O. J., and Mann, H., (1961): Action of detergent (detecy benzene, sulphonate) on gills of trout. Nature (London), 92-675
[26] Singh, S.B. and Kaepagagnapthy, P. R. (1988): Effect of dimethoate on histology of the gill in the freshwater fish, Barbus stigma. Proc. Of the Second. Nat. Symp. On. Ecotoxicol. 146-148.
[27] Singh, S. and Sahai, S., (1984): Histopathological changes in the gills of Rasbora daiconius inducied by BHC. J. Environ. ,Bio., 5 : 65-67.
[28] Sonawane, D.L. and Khillare Y.K.(1992): Toxicosis of the industrial effluent in freshwater fishes from Marathwada region. Ph.D. Thesis Marathwada University, Aurangabad (MH.) India.
[29] Soni, S and Gupta, U.S. (2006 b): Toxic effect of mercuric chloride and influence of EDTA on the gill of Heteropneustes fossilis. (Bloch). Proc. Zool. Soc. India. 5 (1): 47-59.
[30] Srivastava, J. and Srivastulla, A. K. (1984): Histopathology of the gills of Channa gachua exposed to sublethal concentraitons of malathion and chlordane. Proc. Sem. Eff. Pest. Aq. Fau. 37-44.
[31] Suchitra, N., Jothivel, N., Jayakumar, P. and Paul, V.I. (2007): Toxico pathological impact of cadmium chloride on the air breathing catfish Heteropneustes fossilis. Iran J. Environ. Health. Sci. Eng. Vol.4. No.1, 9.8.
[32] Thophon, S., Kruatrachue, M., Upatham, E.M., Pokethitiyook, P., Sahaphong, S., Jaritkhuan, S. (2003): Histopathological alteration of white seabass, Lates calcarifer in acute and subchronic cadmium exposure. Environ. Pollut. 21: 307-320.
[33] Usha Rani, A. (1999): Pathological observation in gill of the freshwater teleost, Oreochromis mossabicus (Tilapia) with reference to cadmium toxicity. Indian journal of Comparative Animal physiology. Vol. 17.1, 18-22.
[34] Vutukuru, S.S., Ch.Suma, K. Radha Madhavi, Juveria, J. Smitha Pauleena, J. Venkateswara rao and Y. Anjaneyulue (2005): Studies on the development potential biomarkers for rapid assessment of copper toxicity to freshwater fish using Esomus darricus as model. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health. 2(1): 63-67.

Cite this Article: Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)

Total View: 93 Downloads: 22 Page No: 1994-1999