Spatial characterization of common blossom thrips (Frankliniella schultzei) in smallholder avocado orchards along slopes of Taita Hills and Mount Kilimanjaro

Author: Odanga J. James, Samira Mohamed, Florence Olubayo, Richard Nyankanga, Irine A. Otieno, Sizah Mwalusepo, Geoffrey Mwachala, Tino Johansson

ijeab doi crossref DOI: 10.22161/ijeab/2.5.50

Keyword: Avocado, East Africa, Frankliniella schultzei, Mount Kilimanjaro, Taita Hills.

Abstract: Frankliniella schultzei Trybom (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) is an important flower pest of avocado crop (Persea americana Mill) at Taita Hills in South-eastern Kenya and Mount Kilimanjaro in North-eastern Tanzania. However, its geographical distribution is not known in the East African avocado cropping systems. In order to generate the spatial data of the common blossom thrips (Frankliniella schultzei), a survey was carried out in small-holder avocado orchards along altitudinal gradient (900 - 1800m.a.s.l.) of Taita Hills and Mount Kilimanjaro using a white coloured beating tray and camel brush. Once the specimens of thrips were taxonomically verified, the abundance data was tabulated into three altitudinal zones, namely; lowland (900-1199m.a.s.l.), sub-montane (1200-1499m.a.s.l.) and montane (1500-1799m.a.s.l.). Frankliniella schultzei was recorded in all altitudinal zones of both transects with mean abundance being highest at Taita Hills (5.4) compared to Mount Kilimanjaro (0.9). However, abundance of the pest was greater in cooler highlands (>1200m.a.s.l.) than warmer lowland areas (<1200m.a.s.l.) of both transects. The findings of this study contributes significantly towards spatial mapping of Frankliniella schultzei in East Africa and this information is important in developing strategies aimed at controling infestation of avocado flowers by the insect pest at the two study transects.

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Cite this Article:

MLA

Odanga J. James, Samira Mohamed, Florence Olubayo, Richard Nyankanga, Irine A. Otieno, Sizah Mwalusepo, Geoffrey Mwachala, Tino Johansson et al."Spatial characterization of common blossom thrips (Frankliniella schultzei) in smallholder avocado orchards along slopes of Taita Hills and Mount Kilimanjaro". International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878),vol 2, no. 5, 2017, pp.2675-2678 AI Publications doi:10.22161/ijeab/2.5.50

APA

Odanga J. James, Samira Mohamed, Florence Olubayo, Richard Nyankanga, Irine A. Otieno, Sizah Mwalusepo, Geoffrey Mwachala, Tino Johansson, P.(2017).Spatial characterization of common blossom thrips (Frankliniella schultzei) in smallholder avocado orchards along slopes of Taita Hills and Mount Kilimanjaro. International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).2(5), 2675-2678.10.22161/ijeab/2.5.50

Chicago

Odanga J. James, Samira Mohamed, Florence Olubayo, Richard Nyankanga, Irine A. Otieno, Sizah Mwalusepo, Geoffrey Mwachala, Tino Johansson, P.(2017).Spatial characterization of common blossom thrips (Frankliniella schultzei) in smallholder avocado orchards along slopes of Taita Hills and Mount Kilimanjaro. International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).2(5), pp.2675-2678.

Harvard

Odanga J. James, Samira Mohamed, Florence Olubayo, Richard Nyankanga, Irine A. Otieno, Sizah Mwalusepo, Geoffrey Mwachala, Tino Johansson. 2017."Spatial characterization of common blossom thrips (Frankliniella schultzei) in smallholder avocado orchards along slopes of Taita Hills and Mount Kilimanjaro". International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology(ISSN: 2456-1878).2(5):2675-2678.Doi:10.22161/ijeab/2.5.50

IEEE

Odanga J. James, Samira Mohamed, Florence Olubayo, Richard Nyankanga, Irine A. Otieno, Sizah Mwalusepo, Geoffrey Mwachala, Tino Johansson."Spatial characterization of common blossom thrips (Frankliniella schultzei) in smallholder avocado orchards along slopes of Taita Hills and Mount Kilimanjaro", International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology,vol.2,no. 5, pp.2675-2678,2017.

Bibtex

@article { odangaj.james2017spatial,
title={Spatial characterization of common blossom thrips (Frankliniella schultzei) in smallholder avocado orchards along slopes of Taita Hills and Mount Kilimanjaro},
author={Odanga J. James, Samira Mohamed, Florence Olubayo, Richard Nyankanga, Irine A. Otieno, Sizah Mwalusepo, Geoffrey Mwachala, Tino Johansson , R},
journal={International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology},
volume={2},
year= {2017} ,
}